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How to create population pyramid chart in Excel?

Have you ever seen a population pyramid chart? And are you interested in creating a population pyramid chart by yourself? This tutorial will introduce the way to create such a population pyramid chart in Excel.

Create population pyramid chart

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arrow blue right bubble Create population pyramid chart


Before creating a population pyramid chart, you need a population table including the age groups, the number of male or female in each age group and the total number of each age group as shown as below:

doc-population-pyramid-chart-1

Now you need to calculate the percentage of each male age group in total number of male, and so do the female age groups.

1. Select a blank cell below the last cell in firs column, here I select A20, and type Total into it, then in A21, type this formula =SUM(B2:B19), then press Enter key, and drag its handle to right to fill this formula in C21. Now see the screenshot:

doc-population-pyramid-chart-2

Tip: In the above formula, B2:B19 is the range you want to sum up.

2. Then go to the blank column next to the table, here is column E, and type %Male in to cell E1, then type this formula =0-(100*B2/$B$20) into cell E2, and press Enter key then drag the fill handle to the range you need. Then go to column F which next to the column %Male, and type %Female into cell F1, then type this formula =(100*C2/$C$20) in cell F2, also press Enter key and drag the fill handle to the range you need. See screenshot:

doc-population-pyramid-chart-3

3. Before creating a population pyramid chart, you need to copy data from these three columns into a new worksheet: column Age (not including cell Total), column %Male and column %Female. Now select these three columns by pressing Ctrl key, and then holding on Ctrl + C keys to copy them and select a cell in a new sheet, then press Ctrl + V keys to paste them. See screenshot:

doc-population-pyramid-chart-4

Now you can create the chart.

4. Select these three column range, and click Insert > Bar > Stacked Bar. See screenshot:

doc-population-pyramid-chart-5

5. Right click at the Y axis and select Format Axis in the context menu. See screenshot:

doc-population-pyramid-chart-6

6. In Format Axis dialog, select Low in the drop down list of Axis labels, and close the dialog. See screenshot:

doc-population-pyramid-chart-7

In Excel 2013, in the Format Axis pane, go down to find LABELS section, and click it to expand its options, and select Low from the Label Position list.

doc-population-pyramid-chart-8

7. Then to adjust the gap between the series, please do these steps:

Right clicking one series and select Format Data Series from the context menu;

Then adjust the Series Overlap and Gap Width to 100% and 0%, and close the dialog. See screenshots:

doc-population-pyramid-chart-9
doc-arrow
doc-population-pyramid-chart-10

In Excel 2013, adjust Series Overlap and Gap Width in Format Date Series pane.

8. Right click at the X axis, and select Format Axis. See screenshot:

doc-population-pyramid-chart-11

9. In the Format Axis dialog, click Number tab, and then select Custom in the Category list, and type 0;0 into the Format Code text box, then click Add to add it to Type list, and close the dialog. See screenshot:

doc-population-pyramid-chart-12

In Excel 2013, please go down to click NUMBER tab to expand its option in Format Axis pane, and do as above operation.

doc-population-pyramid-chart-13

Now a population pyramid chart is finished.

doc-population-pyramid-chart-14

You can design it as you need.

doc-population-pyramid-chart-15


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  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Richard · 4 months ago
    I am trying to add in different years of population age-gender distribution to compare over time but the bars for the different years wont line up for respective male and female cohorts
    Can anyone help?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Dick · 1 years ago
    Doesn't work in Excel 2013. In your step 3 pasting to a new spreadsheet. The age column was OK but the %Male and %Female showed #REF!
    • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
      Vibha · 1 years ago
      You have to select 'Paste Special> values> OK
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Toby · 1 years ago
    Thanks! really helpful guide!