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 How to find highest value in a row and return column header in Excel?

In this article, I will talk about how to return the column header of the largest value in a row in Excel. For Example, I have the following data range, column A is the year, and column B to F are populated the order numbers from Jan to May. And now, I want to get the month name of the largest value in each row.

doc-get-column-header-1

Find highest value in a row and return column header with formula


arrow blue right bubble Find highest value in a row and return column header with formula

To retrieve the column header of the largest value in a row, you can apply a combination of INDEX, MATCH and MAX functions to get the result. Please do as follows:

1. Enter this formula into a blank cell you need: =INDEX($B$1:$F$1,0,MATCH(MAX($B2:$F2),$B2:$F2,0)), and then press Enter key to get the month name which matches the largest value in a row. See screenshot:

doc-get-column-header-2

2. And then select the cell and drag the fill handle over to the range that you want to contain this formula, see screenshot:

doc-get-column-header-3

Note: In the above formula: B1: F1 is the headers row that you want to return, B2: F2 is the data range which contains the largest value you want to find.


Related article:

How to find the highest value and return adjacent cell value in Excel?

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Comments (26)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Can you do this with a MAXIFS function?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello, Ted,
In this case, here can't use the MAXIFS function. In Excel, the MAXIFS function is used to return the largest number in a column based on one or more criteria.
Please click to know more about this MAXIFS fucntion..., it explains this function clearly and detailedly.
Thank you!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
What if there are 2 same highest value, how can i return both column headers, for example the sales for both april and august are 30k, how can i return the name of both april and august
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello, To return all the column headers with multiple higest values, you should apply the below User Defined Function.
Function getmax(rngRst As Range, rngVal As Range) As String
Dim i As Integer
Dim xNum As Double
Dim xStr As String
xNum = Application.WorksheetFunction.Max(rngVal)
For i = 1 To rngVal.Count
If rngVal(i).Value = xNum Then
xStr = xStr & rngRst(i).Value & ","
End If
Next
getmax = Left(xStr, Len(xStr) - 1)
End Function

Please copy the above code into the VBA module, and then use the below formula to get the first result, and then drag the fill handle down to return other column headers.=getmax($B$1:$H$1,B2:H2)

Please try, hope it can help you!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, I have attendance sheet. First column heading is names and rest columns for dates.
Names columns shows names in rows and dates columns shows p (present) H (weekoff) L (leave)
It's for 23 people.
and at last I have made total presents in a day, then total leaves and then total weekoffs.
"Now I am searching the way where I can click on total present numbers and get list of all names who are present in a particular day."
I tried many ways but no luck.
first columns names, second shows if they were present or leave or on week offs.Is there anyway where I can get list of all names who are present or on leave?Any formula?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
how can i modify this logic to show me all the records in one row where a value in all selected columns are greater than 1
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
how can i modify this logic to show all the column header in a single row where the value is > 1?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Did you figure this out
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
yoh you are so late man .  year has passed XD
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Thank for this. It helped. Does it work the same way for a range of cells instead of just a row? I am trying to get the formula to return the column header (month) of the largest and smallest value in a range of cells? This is what I tried =INDEX($B$4:$M$4,0,MATCH(MAX($B5:$M42),$B5:$M42,0)) but it gives a #N/A answer
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
What happens if you have duplicate values in a row and you want the latest value's header. Is this possible?
The current formula only returns the first match, but in my case I need to know the latest one
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
hi. having same issue. Pls do reply if u have found the way out.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
You're Aces Kid !!! ... this example worked perfect for my application: =INDEX($B$1:$F$1,0,MATCH(MAX($B2:$F2),$B2:$F2,0))

ISA 40:31
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Thank you so much!!!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, am trying to find lowest value in a row and the highest value on the corresponding column. Is there a formula or shortcut to find this. Please guide
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