How to use two-way lookup formula in Excel?

Two-way lookup will be used when you look up a value at the intersection corresponding to given row and column values. For instance, you have a table with multiple rows and column headers, and which value you want to lookup is the intersection at column 5-Jan and row AA-3 as below screenshot shown. This article will tell you how to use this two-way lookup formula in Excel.
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Two-way lookup with formulas


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arrow blue right bubble Two-way lookup with formulas


To lookup the intersection of a given row and column, you need to follow below steps:

1. List the column and row headers you want to look up at, see screenshot:
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2. In the cell you want to place the lookup value, select one formula from below:

=INDEX(A1:I8,MATCH(L1,A1:A8,0),MATCH(L2,A1:I1,0))

=SUMPRODUCT((A1:A8=L1)*(A1:I1=L2),A1:I8)

=VLOOKUP(L1,$A$1:$I$8,MATCH(L2,B1:I1,0)+1,FALSE)

Tips:

(1) A1:A8 is the column range, L1 is the row header you want to look up in the column range, A1:I1 is the row range, L2 is the column header you want to find in the row range, A1:I8 is the whole range of the data, you can change as you need)

(2) The formula =SUMPRODUCT((A1:A8=L1)*(A1:I1=L2),A1:I8) will return 0 if the lookup value is text.
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3. Press Enter key, the intersection corresponding of the specific column and row has been found.

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