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How to insert formula to sum a column or row of table in Word?

You may know how to sum or calculate data in Excel, but do you know how to sum the data in a column or row of a table in Word document? Let’s talk about the methods of calculate the data in a table in Word.

Sum a column of a table in Word

Sum a row of a table in Word

Do other calculation in a table in Word

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arrow blue right bubbleSum a column of a table in Word

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If you want to sum a column data of the table shown as below, you can do as follow steps:

Step 1. Place the cursor at the blank cell of the first column, then click layout > Formula, see screenshot:

Step 2. A dialog named Formula is displayed, typing =SUM(ABOVE) in the Formula text box. See screenshot:

Step 3. Click OK. Then the above data are added together and the result is shown in the blank cell. See screenshot:

Tip: To sum the same column data below the blank cell, please type =SUM(BELOW) in the Formula text box.


arrow blue right bubbleSum a row of a table in Word

If you want to sum a row of a table in a Word document, do as follow:

Step 1. Place the cursor at the blank cell of the first row, then click layout > Formula, see screenshot:

Step 2. A dialog named Formula is displayed, typing =SUM(LEFT) in the formula text box. See screenshot:

Step 3. Click OK. Then all the left data of the first row are added together and the result is shown in the blank cell. See screenshot:

Tip: To sum the same row data on the right of the blank cell, please type =SUM(RIGHT) in the Formula text box.


arrow blue right bubbleDo other calculation in a table in Word

In Word, you can do other calculations in table such as average, production and so on.

Step 1. Click the blank cell you want to show the calculated result, then click layout > Formula.

Step 2. A dialog named Formula is displayed, typing "=" in the formula text box and select the function you want to apply from the Paste function list. In this case, I select Max. See screenshots:

Step 3. Between the parenthesis in the Formula text box, please do as follows:

  • Typing ABOVE to calculate all the data above the blank cell.
  • Typing BELOW to calculate all the data below the blank cell.
  • Typing LEFT to calculate all the data on the left of the blank cell.
  • Typing RIGHT to calculate all the data on the right of the blank cell.

In this case, I Typing LEFT, see screenshot:

Step 4. Click OK, you can see the result shown as below:


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  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Jae-Lex · 9 months ago
    What if I want to, say multiply the number in column 3 by the number in column 4 on the row?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Jean Kammler · 1 years ago
    There are 5 cells going across "Total" and the number, a second "Total" and the number and "Total" where the sum of both should be. Sum left is only pulling the number to the left and not adding the other numbers in the row. I used the formula =SUM(LEFT). Does it not work when there is text? How can I make this work?
    • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
      Mechael · 1 years ago
      I was looking for a similar solution and didn't find one. However, I found a work around. At the end of the text string, I included a zero and change the color the font to white. This allowed my formula to calculate across rows that had text in them. This is a fix for a very basic table. Hope this helps.
    • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
      Heather · 1 years ago
      I need the answer to this one too...did you find it? There are blank cells between the amounts you want to sum. I think you can just put a zero as a placeholder in the blank cells
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    ahmad · 1 years ago
    how to get 5 X 10 = 50 this but both a in same raw but different column between them have UNIT column so
    how to solve this issue?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Ranjana · 1 years ago
    how to sum table in Word
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Ranjana · 1 years ago
    could you explain me how can i prepare MIS in Ms Word file
    can u send the sample file in my email id