## Excel Formula: Combine cells with comma

Here this tutorial provides some formulas to join multiple cells into one cell with comma as separator as below screenshot shown, and also explains how the formulas work in Excel.

### Formula 1 Combine cells with comma by using &

Generic formula:

 text_1&","&text_2&","&…&"," &text_n

Arguments

 Text_1, text_2, text_n: the cells or text strings you want to combine with comma.

How this formula work

For instance, you want to combine the cells of each row across column B, column C, column D and column E into one cell with commas, please use below formula in a blank cell.

 =B3&","&C3&","&D3&","&E3

Press Enter key, then the cells are combined with comma separated.

Explanation

& : using this connector to combine cells and commas.

Remark

If you want to directly use texts instead of cell references in the formula, please embrace the text strings with double quotation marks.

### Formula 2 Combine cells with comma by using CONCATENATE function

Generic formula:

 CONCATENATE(text_1,",",text_2,",",…",",text_n)

Arguments

 Text_1, text_2, text_n: the cells or text strings you want to combine with comma.

How this formula work

For instance, you want to combine the cell B3, C3, D3 and E3 into one cell with commas, please use below formula in a blank cell.

 =CONCATENATE(B3,",",C3,",",D3,",",E3)

Press Enter key, then the cells are combined with comma separated.

Explanation

CONCATENATE function: CONCATENATE function is used to join text together.

Remark

If you want to directly use texts instead of cell references in the formula, please enclose the text strings with double quotation marks.

If there are blank cells which are used to be combined, there will be extra comma in the combined cell by using above 2 formulas (& and CONCATENATE) as below screenshot shown.

In this case, please choose formula 3.

### Formula 3 Combine cells with comma by combining SUBSTITUTE and TRIM functions

Generic formula:

 =SUBSTITUTE(TRIM(text_1&" "&text_2&" "&…&" "&text_n)," ",", ")

Arguments

 Text_1, text_2, text_n: the cells or text strings you want to combine with comma.

How this formula work

For instance, you want to combine the cell B3, C3, D3 and E3 into one cell with commas, please use below formula in a blank cell.

 =SUBSTITUTE(TRIM(B3&" "&C3&" "&D3&" "&E3)," ",", ")

Press Enter key, then drag the fill handle down to apply this formula to the cells you need to combine, then the cells are combined with comma separated.

Explanation

TRIM function: the TRIM function removes all extra spaces from the text string. Here TRIM(B3&" "&C3&" "&D3&" "&E3) will combine cells with spaces and then clear the extra spaces, this formula will stop the trailing or leading comma.

SUBSTITUTE function: the SUBSTITUTE function is used to replace text with the specific text. Here =SUBSTITUTE(TRIM(B3&" "&C3&" "&D3&" "&E3)," ",", ") will replace space with comma and space in the combined text string (the combination of B3, C3, D3 and E3).

Remark

If you want to directly use texts instead of cell references in the formula, please enclose text strings with double quotation marks.

Combine cells with other separators

If you want to use other separators to replace commas, change “,” in the formulas to other separators. For instance, combine with plus symbol.

=SUBSTITUTE(TRIM(B6&" "&C6&" "&D6&" "&E6)," ","+")
Or
=CONCATENATE(B3,"+",C3,"+",D3,"+",E3)
Or
=B3&"+"&C3&"+"&D3&"+"&E3

### Sample File

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If you have Office 365 use the new ArrayToText function.
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