## Excel Formula: Convert Date to Julian

Sometimes, you need to convert the standard date to the Julian date in Excel, here this article introduces a formula which combines the TEXT, YEAR and DATE functions to solve this job.

Generic formula:

 TEXT(date,"yy")&date-(DATE(YEAR(date),1,0))

Arguments

 Date: the date you want to convert to Julian date.

Return Value

This formula returns a Julian date in a text(yyd) format. First two digits represent the two-digits year, the else numbers represent the number of days.

How this formula work

A list of dates are in cell B3:B6, to convert them to Julian date, please use below formula：

 =TEXT(B3,"yy")&B3-(DATE(YEAR(B3),1,0))

Press Enter key, then drag autofill handle down to apply this formula.

Explanation

TEXT function converts a number to a text in a specific format. As we know, the date is stored as a number in Excel, here the TEXT function converts the date to text in the yy format.

YEAR function gets the year from a date.

DATE function combines year, month, and day numbers from separate cells to a valid date. Here the formula

• DATE(YEAR(B3),1,0)
• =DATE(2020,1,0)
• =12/31/2019

Tip: if the day number is less than 1, it will subtract absolute number of days from the first day of the month.

• B3-(DATE(YEAR(B3),1,0))
• =3/12/2020-12/31/2019
• =72

Note

If you want to get the Julian date in 4-digit year and 3-digit day number, please use below formula

=TEXT(B3,"yyyy")&TEXT(B3-DATE(YEAR(B3),1,0),"000")

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