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Excel Formula: Get First or Last Workday in Month

Author: Sun Last Modified: 2021-10-29

doc convert date to julia 1

To find the first or last workday of month in the given date, you can use the formulas that combine the several functions.

If you want to follow along with this tutorial, please download the example spreadsheet.
doc convert date to julia 1

Get the first workday in month

 

Generic formula:

WORKDAY(DATE(YEAR(date),MONTH(date),1)-1,1)

Syntaxt and Arguments

Date: the date that you want to get the first workday of its month.

Return Value

The formula returns to a 5-digit serial number, you can format the result as date format for more directly viewing.

How this formula works

Cell B3 contains the date that you need to get the first workday of the month, please use below formula:

=EOMONTH(B3,-2)+1

Press Enter key to get the first serial number, then drag auto fill handle over the cells which need this formula.
doc convert date to julia 1
doc convert date to julia 1

Keep the results selected, click the arrow in the Number Format textbox under Home tab, in the expand drop-down list, choose Short Date or Long Date to format the results as dates.
doc convert date to julia 1

Explanation

MONTH function: gets the month as integer number (1 to 12) from date.

YEAR function: returns the year based on the given date in a 4-digit serial number format.

DATE function: creates date with year, month and day.

WORKDAY function: adds workdays to the given start date and returns a workday.

=WORKDAY(DATE(YEAR(B3),MONTH(B3),1)-1,1)
=WORKDAY(DATE(YEAR(B3),3,1)-1,1)
=WORKDAY(DATE(2020,3,1)-1,1)
=WORKDAY("2/29/2020",1)
=3/2/2020

Get the last workday in month

 

Generic Formula

WORKDAY(EOMONTH(date,0)+1,-1)

Syntax and Arguments

Date: the date that you want to get the last workday of its month.

Return Value

The formula returns to a 5-digit serial number, you can format the result as date format for more directly viewing.

How the formula works

For instance, the Cell B3 contains the date that you need to get the last workday of the month, please use below formula:

=WORKDAY(EOMONTH(B3,0)+1,-1)

Press Enter key to get the first serial number, then drag auto fill handle over the cells which need this formula.
doc convert date to julia 1
doc convert date to julia 1

Keep the results selected, click the arrow in the Number Format textbox under Home tab, in the expand drop-down list, choose Short Date or Long Date to format the results as dates.
doc convert date to julia 1

Explanation

EOMONTH function: gets the last day of month in future or past.

WORKDAY function: adds workdays to the given start date and returns a workday.

=WORKDAY(EOMONTH(B3,0)+1,-1)
=WORKDAY("4/1/2020",-1)
=3/31/2020


Relative Formulas

Relative Functions


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