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Excel ARABIC function

doc arabic function 1


The Excel ARABIC function is used to convert roman numbers to Arabic numbers. For example, the formula =ARABIC(“XXIII”) returns 23.

Syntax and arguments

Formula syntax



  • Text: Required. A string enclosed in double quotation marks or a reference cell which contains the Roman numeral you need to convert to Arabic number.

Return Value

The ARABIC function returns a arabic number based on the given roman number.


1. If the string is not a valid value, it returns the #VALUE! error value.

2. If the argument text is empty( =ARABIC("")), it returns 0.

3. The maximum length of text is 255 characters, so the largest number that ARABIC function can return is 255,000.

4. The ROMAN function is the opposite of ARABIC function.

Usage and Examples

Here list the basic usages of COS function in your daily work.

Case 1- Convert a roman number in a reference cell to Arabic number




A1 is the cell reference which contains the roman number that you want to convert to Arabic number.
doc arabic function 2

Case 2- Directly use the roman number enclosed by double quotation marks as argument




"V" is the roman number you want to convert to Arabic.
doc arabic function 3

Roman Number and Corresponding Arabic Number

Roman Number Arabic Number
I 1
V 5
X 10
L 50
C 100
D 500
M 1000

Sample File
doc sample file

Relative Functions

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