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Excel INFO Function

Author: Amanda Li Last Modified: 2022-09-09

The INFO function returns details about the current operating environment, including Excel version, name of the operating environment, etc.

info function 1




  • type_text (required): The text that specifies what type of information to return:
  • type_text Returned information
    "directory" Path of current directory or folder
    "numfile" Number of worksheets in open workbooks
    "origin" Absolute cell reference of the top and left-most cell visible in the current window
    "osversion" Operating system version as text
    "recalc" Recalculation mode: "Automatic" or "Manual"
    "release" Excel version as text
    "system" Operating environment as text: "mac" (Macintosh) or "pcdos" (Windows)

Return Value

The INFO function returns the requested information.

Function Notes

  • type_text must be enclosed in double quotes ("") if it’s directly entered in an INFO formula. If you don’t type the argument but reference it, no double quotes are needed.
  • INFO will return the #N/A! error if type_text is any of the following values that were supported in previous Excel versions and no longer now: "memavail", "memused", and "totmem".
  • INFO will return the #VALUE! error if type_text is any other invalid value.
  • INFO is not case sensitive.


Let’s say you scrolled your worksheet down and want to record the specific information about the current operating environment listed in the table below. To do so, you can simply copy or enter the formula below in the top cell, press Enter to get the result, and then drag the fill handle (at the lower right corner of the result cell) down to apply the formula to below cells.


info function 2

Also, you can enter the type_text argument in the formula as shown below. Make sure it is enclosed with double quotes:


Related functions

Excel CELL Function

The CELL function returns the requested information about a specified cell, such as the cell’s location, contents, formatting, and more.

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