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Excel KURT Function

The KURT function returns the kurtosis of a supplied data set. The kurtosis measures the peakedness or flatness of a distribution, compared with the normal distribution. A positive kurtosis value indicates a relatively peaked distribution, and a negative kurtosis value indicates a relatively flat distribution.

kurt function 1


=KURT(number1,[number2], ...)


  • Number1 (required): A range or reference that contains data values.
  • Number2, … (optional): Additional numbers.

Return value

The KURT function returns a numeric value.

Function notes

  1. Arguments in the KURT function can be supplied as numbers or names, arrays, or references that contain numbers. Up to 255 arguments are allowed.
  2. KURT function can count the Logical values and text representations of numbers (numbers enclosed with quotation marks, says “10”) that you type directly into the list of arguments.
  3. KURT function ignores empty cells or cells that contain text or logical values.
  4. Cells with value zero will be included in the calculation.
  5. The #DIV/0! error occurs if any of the below situation occurs:
    • There are less than 4 data points;
    • The standard deviation of the sample is 0.
  6. The #VALUE! error value occurs if any of the supplied arguments you typed directly in the function are non-numeric, or all the supplied arguments as ranges or cell references are text.
  7. KURT function can accept up to 255 number arguments in Excel 2010 and later versions of Excel, but in Excel 2003, KURT function can only accept up to 30 number arguments.


As the below screenshot shows, there are a report data of month sales. To get the peakedness or flatness of the distribution, compared with the normal distribution, please do as follows:

Please copy the formula below into cell E5, then press the Enter key to get the result.


kurt function 2

The negative result indicates that it is a relatively flat distribution.

Note:We can also directly input values in the formula. The formula in cell E5can be changed to:


Relative Functions:

  • Excel EVEN Function
    The EVEN function rounds numbers away from zero to the nearest even integer.

  • Excel EXP Function
    The EXP function returns the result of the constant e raised to the nth power.


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