## Excel PERCENTRANK.INC Function

### Description

The Excel PERCENTRANK.INC function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (includes 0 and 1) of the data set.

### Syntax and arguments

Formula syntax

PERCENTRANK.INC(array, x, [significance])

Arguments

 Array: Required, the array or range of numeric values that are used to defines relative standing. X: Required, the value that you want to find its relative standing in the array. Significance: Optional, the value that identifies the number of significant digits that the returned percentage value is rounded to. If it is omitted, PERCENTRANK.INC function takes it as 3 digits (0.xxx).

Return Value

The PERCENTRANK.INC function returns a numeric value >= 0, and =<1.

Remark

1. If the argument x does not exist in the array, PERCENTRANK.INC function interpolates to find the percentage rank.

2. In Excel 2010, the PERCENTRANK function has been replaced with two functions: PERCENTRANK.INC and PERCENTRANK.EXC.

Error

1. If the x is a non-numeric value, the PERCENTRANK.INC function returns #NAME? error value.

2. If both the argument x and array contain non-numeric values, the PERCENTRANK.INC function returns #VALUE! error value.

3. The PERCENTRANK.INC function returns #N/A error value, if one of the below stations occurs:

• The array is empty;
• The x is smaller than the smallest value in the array;
• The x is greater than the largest value in the array.

4. If the significance < 1, the PERCENTRANK.INC function returns #NUM! error.

Version

Excel 2010 and later

### Usage and Examples

Example 1: Basic Usage

An array in cell B4:B11, to find the relative standing of each cell value in the array, please use the below formula:

=PERCENTRANK.INC(\$B\$4:\$B\$11,B4)

Press Enter key to get the first result, and drag autofill handle down to get all results.

Example 2: To find the relative standing of a value not in array

An array in cell B4:B11, to find the relative standing of value 35 in cell F4, please use the below formula:

=PERCENTRANK.INC(\$B\$4:\$B\$11,F4)

Or

=PERCENTRANK.INC(\$B\$4:\$B\$11,35)

Press Enter key to get the result..

Note: Generally, the results are shown as decimal numbers, for showing them in percentage format, please select the result cells, and click the Percent Style in Number group under Home tab.

### PERCENTRANK.EXC vs PERCENTRANK.INC

PERCENTRANK.EXC function: finds the percentage rank exclusive of 0 and 1 in the array.

PERCENTRANK.INC or PERCENTRANK: finds the percentage rank inclusive of 0 and 1 in the array.

Supposing there is an array {1;3;5;8;9;11},

PERCENTRANK.EXC and PERCENTRANK.INC return percentages separately as below:

#### Relative Functions:

• Excel PERCENTRANK Function
The Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the data set.

• Excel PERCENTRANK.EXC Function
The Excel PERCENTRANK.EXC returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (excludes 0 and 1) of the data set.

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