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Author: Sun Last Modified: 2022-03-24

doc function 1

If you want to follow along with this tutorial, please download the example spreadsheet.

doc function 1


The Excel PERCENTRANK.INC function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (includes 0 and 1) of the data set.

Syntax and arguments

Formula syntax

PERCENTRANK.INC(array, x, [significance])


  • Array: Required, the array or range of numeric values that are used to defines relative standing.
  • X: Required, the value that you want to find its relative standing in the array.
  • Significance: Optional, the value that identifies the number of significant digits that the returned percentage value is rounded to. If it is omitted, PERCENTRANK.INC function takes it as 3 digits (

Return Value

The PERCENTRANK.INC function returns a numeric value >= 0, and =<1.


1. If the argument x does not exist in the array, PERCENTRANK.INC function interpolates to find the percentage rank.

2. In Excel 2010, the PERCENTRANK function has been replaced with two functions: PERCENTRANK.INC and PERCENTRANK.EXC.


1. If the x is a non-numeric value, the PERCENTRANK.INC function returns #NAME? error value.

2. If both the argument x and array contain non-numeric values, the PERCENTRANK.INC function returns #VALUE! error value.

3. The PERCENTRANK.INC function returns #N/A error value, if one of the below stations occurs:

  • The array is empty;
  • The x is smaller than the smallest value in the array;
  • The x is greater than the largest value in the array.

4. If the significance < 1, the PERCENTRANK.INC function returns #NUM! error.


Excel 2010 and later

Usage and Examples

Example 1: Basic Usage

An array in cell B4:B11, to find the relative standing of each cell value in the array, please use the below formula:


Press Enter key to get the first result, and drag autofill handle down to get all results.

doc function 1

Example 2: To find the relative standing of a value not in array

An array in cell B4:B11, to find the relative standing of value 35 in cell F4, please use the below formula:




Press Enter key to get the result..

doc function 1

Note: Generally, the results are shown as decimal numbers, for showing them in percentage format, please select the result cells, and click the Percent Style in Number group under Home tab.

doc function 1


PERCENTRANK.EXC function: finds the percentage rank exclusive of 0 and 1 in the array.

PERCENTRANK.INC or PERCENTRANK: finds the percentage rank inclusive of 0 and 1 in the array.

Supposing there is an array {1;3;5;8;9;11},

PERCENTRANK.EXC and PERCENTRANK.INC return percentages separately as below:

Relative Functions:

  • Excel PERCENTRANK Function
    The Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the data set.

  • Excel PERCENTRANK.EXC Function
    The Excel PERCENTRANK.EXC returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (excludes 0 and 1) of the data set.

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