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Excel PRODUCT function

The PRODUCT function calculates the product of cell values provides as arguments.


PRODUCT(number1, [number2], ...)


  • Number1 (required): The first number or range to be multiplied;
  • Number2,... (optional): The second and more numbers or ranges to be multiplied.


1. There can be up to 255 arguments at a time;
2. Numbers can be supplied in the arguments directly or as references in ranges;
3. The PRODUCT function only multiplies the numbers in the supplied array or reference, ignoring logic values, empty cells and text values;
4. The PRODUCT function is useful for multiplying cells in different ranges. Such as:
which is equivalent to:
=D6 * D7 * D8 * D9 * D10 * D11 * F6 * F7 * F8 * F9 * F10 * F11 * G6 * G7 * G8 * G9 * G10 * G11

Return value

It returns a numeric value.


As shown in the screenshot below, to multiply all numbers in each row and automatically ignore the empty cells and text values, you can apply the SUMPRODUCT to get it done easily.

1. Select a blank cell (here I select cell F7), copy or enter the formula below and press the Enter key to get the first result. Select this result cell and then drag its AutoFill Handle down to get the product of other rows.


Related Functions

Excel SUM function
The SUM function returns the sum of a supplied list of numbers.

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