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Excel SHEET Function

The SHEET function returns the index number of a reference sheet in Excel.

sheet function 1


=SHEET ([value])


  • Value (optional): The value to check, which can be the name of a sheet or a reference. When omitted, SHEET returns the index number of the current sheet.

Return value

The SHEET function returns a numeric value.

Function notes

  1. The SHEET function includes hidden sheets in the numbering sequence.
  2. The #REF! error value occurs if the supplied value argument is not a valid reference.
  3. The #NA! error value occurs if the supplied value argument is a sheet name that is not valid.
  4. The SHEET function returns the numeric index of a sheet. The SHEETS function counts the number of sheets in a given reference.


As the below screenshot shows, there are four sheets in the workbook. To know the index number of each sheet, please do as follows:

1. In sheet5, please copy the formula below into cell D5, then press the Enter key to get the result.

=SHEET ( )

sheet function 2

2.To know the rest of the results, please copy the formulas below into cell D6, D7, and D8, then press the Enter key to get the results.

=SHEET (Sheet4!A1 )

=SHEET (Sheet3!A1)

=SHEET (Sheet2!A1 )

sheet function 3


  1. In the first formula above, the value argument is omitted. The formula returns the position of current Sheet5.
  2. In the second formula above, the value argument is cell A1 in Sheet4. It can also be any other cell, like B10 in Sheet4. Or value can also be “Sheet4”, which is the sheet name enclosed in double-quotes.

Relative Functions:

  • Excel EVEN Function
    The EVEN function rounds numbers away from zero to the nearest even integer.

  • Excel EXP Function
    The EXP function returns the result of the constant e raised to the nth power.

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