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Excel VSTACK function

The VSTACK function combines multiple ranges or arrays vertically into one large array. And each subsequent array is appended at the bottom of the previous array.

Note: This function is only available in Excel for Microsoft 365 on the Insider channel.

VSTACK function VS. HSTACK function

The VSTACK function can be used to combine ranges vertically, while the HSTACK function can be used to combine ranges horizontally.


=VSTACK(array1, [array2],...)


Array1 (required): The first range or array to append.
Array2,... (optional): The second and more ranges or arrays to append.


1) The VSTACK function returns a single array that has the following dimensions:
The number of rows: It has as many rows as the sum of all the rows of the source arrays;
The number of columns: Equals to the maximum of the column count from each of the array arguments.
2) The resulting array automatically spills into as many cells as needed after entering the formula and pressing the Enter key;
3) The #N/A error value occurs if the given arrays have different columns. If you want to replace the #N/A error with the value you need, please put the HSTACK function inside the IFERROR function. Such as:


Return value

It returns an array.


As shown in the screenshot below, there are two ranges that need to be appended to a single range vertically. You can apply the VSTACK function as follows to get it done.

Select a blank cell, such as C14 in this case, enter the following formula and press the Enter key to get the combined array.


Notes: If the ranges have different columns, #N/A error values will occur in the result array as shown in the screenshot below.

If you want to keep the cell blank when there is no value, you can apply the formula below to get it done.


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