Note: The other languages of the website are Google-translated. Back to English

Excel SLOPE Function

The SLOPE function returns the slope of a regression line based on the supplied y values and x values. The slope is the ratio of rise and run, which means the vertical distance divided by the horizontal distance between any two points on the line.

slope function 1


=SLOPE (known_y's, known_x's)


  • Known_y's (required): An array or range of numeric y values.
  • Known_x's (required): An array or range of numeric x values.

Return value

The SLOPE function returns a numeric value.

Function notes

  1. Arguments in the SLOPE function can be supplied as range names, arrays or ranges that contain numbers.
  2. SLOPE function ignores empty cells or cells that contain text or logical values.
  3. Cells with zero values will be included in the calculation.
  4. The #DIV/0! error value occurs when either of the following conditions is met:
    • only one y value and one x value are supplied.
    • the supplied know_y’s or know_x’s arrays is empty.
  5. The #N/A error value occurs if the numbers of the supplied y values and x values are different.
  6. The equation of the SLOPE function is:

    slope function 2


To calculate the slope of a regression line based on the supplied y values and x values provided in the below table, please copy the formula below into cell B13, then press the Enter key to get the result.

=SLOPE(C5:C9, B5:B9)

slope function 3


  1. The arguments in the above formula are supplied as two ranges that contain multiple values.
  2. The arguments can also be supplied as constant arrays. An array constant is a hard-coded set of values in an Excel formula, appearing in curly braces {}. The above formula can be changed to:

    =SLOPE({1,3,5,7,9}, {0,1,2,3,4})

    slope function 4

Relative Functions:

  • Excel EVEN Function
    The EVEN function rounds numbers away from zero to the nearest even integer.

  • Excel EXP Function
    The EXP function returns the result of the constant e raised to the nth power.

The Best Office Productivity Tools

Kutools for Excel - Helps You To Stand Out From Crowd

Would you like to complete your daily work quickly and perfectly? Kutools for Excel brings 300 powerful advanced features (Combine workbooks, sum by color, split cell contents, convert date, and so on...) and save 80% time for you.

  • Designed for 1500 work scenarios, helps you solve 80% Excel problems.
  • Reduce thousands of keyboard and mouse clicks every day, relieve your tired eyes and hands.
  • Become an Excel expert in 3 minutes. No longer need to remember any painful formulas and VBA codes.
  • 30-day unlimited free trial. 60-day money back guarantee. Free upgrade and support for 2 years.
Ribbon of Excel (with Kutools for Excel installed)

Office Tab - Enable Tabbed Reading and Editing in Microsoft Office (include Excel)

  • One second to switch between dozens of open documents!
  • Reduce hundreds of mouse clicks for you every day, say goodbye to mouse hand.
  • Increases your productivity by 50% when viewing and editing multiple documents.
  • Brings Efficient Tabs to Office (include Excel), Just Like Chrome, Firefox, And New Internet Explorer.
Screen Shot of Excel (with Office Tab installed)
Comments (0)
No ratings yet. Be the first to rate!
There are no comments posted here yet
Leave your comments
Posting as Guest
Rate this post:
0   Characters
Suggested Locations

Follow Us

Copyright © 2009 - | All rights reserved. Powered by ExtendOffice. | Sitemap
Microsoft and the Office logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Protected by Sectigo SSL