# Excel Functions Guide | ExtendOffice

## Cube | ## Description | ## Arguments |

CUBEKPIMEMBER | Returns the key performance indicator (KPI) property | connection, kpi_name, kpi_property, [caption] |

CUBEMEMBER | Returns a member or tuple from a cube | connection, member_expression, [caption] |

CUBESET | Returns a calculated set of members or tuples | connection, set_expression, [caption], [sort_order], [sort_by] |

CUBESETCOUNT | Returns the number of items in a set | set |

CUBEVALUE | Returns an aggregated value from a cube filtered by multiple member_expression arguments | connection, [member_expression1], [member_expression2], … |

## Database | ## Description | ## Arguments |

DAVERAGE | Returns average that matches the specific criteria | database, field, criteria |

DCOUNT | Counts the cells that contain numbers in a field of records in a databased which match the specified criteria | database, field, criteria |

DCOUNTA | Counts the cells that in a field of records in a databased which match the specified criteria | database, field, criteria |

DGET | Returns a single value in the given field of the database that matches the criteria | database, field, criteria |

DMAX | Returns max that matches the specific criteria | database, field, criteria |

DMIN | Returns min that matches the specific criteria | database, field, criteria |

DPRODUCT | Returns product that matches the specific criteria | database, field, criteria |

DSTDEV | Returns the estimated value of a population’s standard deviation based on a sample by using the values from the sample database that match the given criteria you specify | database, field, criteria |

DSTDEVP | Returns the standard deviation of a population by using the numbers from the entire database that match the given criteria you specify | database, field, criteria |

DSUM | Returns the sum of numbers from a database that match the given criteria | database, field, criteria |

DVAR | Estimates the variance of a sample retrieved from a field that matches the given conditions | database, field, criteria |

DVARP | Returns the variance for an entire population retrieved from a field that matches the given conditions | database, field, criteria |

## Date and Time | ## Description | ## Arguments |

DATE | Creates date with year, month and day | year, month, day |

DATEDIF | Returns the years, months or days between two dates | start_date, end_date, unit |

DATEVALUE | Converts a date stored as text format to a valid date | date_text |

DAY | Gets the day as a number (1 to 31) from a date | date |

DAYS | Gets the number of days between two dates | start_date, end_date |

DAYS360 | Gets the number of days between 2 dates in a 360-day year | start_date, end_date, [method] |

EDATE | Adds n months for a date | start_date, months |

EOMONTH | Gets the last day of month n months in future or past | start_date, months |

ISOWEEKNUM | Gets ISO week number from a given date | date |

HOUR | Gets the hour as a number (0 to 23) from a date time | serial_number |

MINUTE | Returns the minute as number (0 to 59) from time | serial_number |

MONTH | Gets the month as integer number (1 to 12) from date | serial_number |

NETWORKDAYS | Gets the number of working days between two dates | start_date, end_date, [holidays] |

NETWORKDAYS.INTL | Gets workdays between two dates | start_date, end_date, [weekend], [holidays] |

NOW | Gets the current date and time | // |

SECOND | Returns the seconds as number (0 to 59) from time | serial_number |

TIME | Creates time with hours, minutes and seconds | hour, minute, second |

TIMEVALUE | Gets time from a text string | time_text |

TODAY | Gets the current date | // |

WEEKDAY | Gets day of the week as a number (1 to 7) from date | serial_number, [return_type] |

WEEKNUM | Returns the week number of the given date in a year | serial_number, [return_type] |

WORKDAY | Adds workdays to the given start date and returns a workday | start_date, days, [holidays] |

WORKDAY.INTL | Adds workdays to the given start date and returns a workday excluding custom weekend and holidays | start_date, days, [weekend], [holidays] |

YEAR | Returns the year based on the given date in a 4-digit serial number format | serial_number |

YEARFRAC | Calculates the fractional year in a decimal format between given dates | start_date, end_date, [basis] |

## Engineering | ## Description | ## Arguments |

BESSELI | Calculates the modified Bessel function | x, n |

BESSELJ | Returns the Bessel function, for a specified value x and order | x, n |

BESSELK | Returns the modified Bessel functio | x, n |

BESSELY | Returns the Bessel function | x, n |

BIN2DEC | Converts a binary number to a decimal number | number |

BIN2HEX | Converts a binary number to a hexadecimal number | number, [places] |

BIN2OCT | Converts a binary number to an octal number | number, [places] |

BITAND | Returns a decimal number representing the bitwise 'AND' of two supplied numbers | number1, number2 |

BITLSHIFT | Returns a decimal number shifted left by a specified number of bits | number, shift_amount |

BITOR | Returns the bitwise ‘OR’ of two given numbers | number1, number2 |

BITRSHIFT | Returns the given number shifted right by the specified number of bits | number, shift_amount |

BITXOR | Returns the bitwise ‘XOR’ of two given numbers | number1, number2 |

COMPLEX | Converts real and imaginary coefficients to a complex number | real_num, i_num, [suffix] |

CONVERT | Converts a given number from one measurement system to another | number, from_unit, to_unit |

DEC2BIN | Converts a decimal number to a binary number | number, [places] |

DEC2HEX | Converts a decimal number to a hexadecimal number | number, [places] |

DEC2OCT | Converts a decimal number to an octal number | number, [places] |

DELTA | Compares two numeric values, and checks if they are equal | number1, number2 |

ERF | Returns the error function integrated between lower_limit and upper_limit | lower_limit, [upper_limit] |

ERF.PRECISE | Returns the error function integrated between zero (0) and a limit | x |

ERFC | Returns the complementary Error function integrated between a lower limit and infinity | x |

ERFC.PRECISE | Returns the complementary Error function integrated between a limit and infinity | x |

GESTEP | Checks whether the given number is greater than or equal to the given step value and returns 1 if TRUE and 0 if FALSE | number, [step] |

HEX2BIN | Converts a hexadecimal number to a binary number | number, [places] |

HEX2DEC | Converts a hexadecimal number to a binary number | number |

HEX2OCT | Converts a hexadecimal number to a binary number | number, [places] |

IMABS | Returns the absolute value of a complex number | inumber |

IMAGINARY | Returns the imaginary coefficient of a given complex number | inumber |

IMARGUMENT | Returns the angle expressed in radians of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCONJUGATE | Returns the complex conjugate of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCOS | Returns the cosine of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCOSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCOT | Returns the cotangent of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCSC | Returns the cosecant of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCSCH | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a given complex number | inumber |

IMDIV | Calculates the quotient of two given complex numbers | inumber1, inumber2 |

IMEXP | Returns the exponential of a given complex number | inumber |

IMLN | Returns the natural logarithm of a given complex number | inumber |

IMLOG2 | Returns the base-2 logarithm of a given complex number | inumber |

IMLOG10 | Returns the common (base 10) logarithm of a given complex number | inumber |

IMPOWER | Returns a complex number raised to a given power | inumber |

IMPRODUCT | Calculates the product of one or more complex numbers | inumber1, [inumber2], ... |

IMREAL | Returns the real coefficient of a given complex number | inumber |

IMSEC | Returns the secant of a complex number | inumber |

IMSECH | Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number | inumber |

IMSIN | Returns the sine of a complex number | inumber |

IMSINH | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number | inumber |

IMSQRT | Returns the square root of a complex number | inumber |

IMTAN | Returns the tangent of a given complex number | inumber |

IMSUB | Returns the difference between two complex numbers | inumber1, inumber2 |

IMSUM | Calculates the sum of two or more complex numbers | inumber1, [inumber2], ... |

OCT2BIN | Converts an octal number to a binary number | number, [places] |

OCT2DEC | Converts an octal number to a decimal number | number |

OCT2HEX | Converts an octal number to a hexadecimal number | number, [places] |

## Financial | ## Description | ## Arguments |

ACCRINT | Returns accrued interest periodic | issue, first_interest, settlement, rate, par, frequency, [basis], [calc_method] |

ACCRINTM | Returns accrued interest at maturity | issue, settlement, rate, par, [basis] |

AMORDEGRC | Returns the linear depreciation of an asset for each accounting period by applying a depreciation coefficient based on the lifetime of the assets | cost, date_purchased, first_period, salvage, period, rate, [basis] |

AMORLINC | Returns the linear depreciation of an asset for each accounting period | cost, date_purchased, first_period, salvage, period, rate, [basis] |

COUPDAYBS | Returns the number of days between the beginning of the coupon period and its settlement date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

COUPDAYS | Returns the number of days in the coupon period including the settlement date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

COUPDAYSNC | Returns the calculated number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

COUPNCD | Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

COUPNUM | Returns number of coupons payable between settlement date and maturity date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

COUPPCD | Returns previous coupon date before settlement date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

CUMIPMT | Returns the cumulative interest paid on a load between the start period and end period | rate, nper, pv, start_period, end_period, type |

CUMPRINC | Calculates the cumulative principal paid on a load between the start period and end period | rate, nper, pv, start_period, end_period, type |

DB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using a fixed-declining balance method | cost, salvage, life, period, [month] |

DDB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using a double-declining balance method or other specific method | cost, salvage, life, period, [factor] |

DISC | Returns the discount rate of a security | settlement, maturity, pr, redemption, [basis] |

DOLLARDE | Converts a dollar value expressed in fractional notation to decimal | fractional_dollar, fraction |

DOLLARFR | Converts a dollar value expressed in decimal to fractional notation | decimal_dollar, fraction |

DURATION | Calculates the duration of a security that pays interest on a periodic basis | settlement, maturity, coupon, yld, frequency,[basis] |

EFFECT | Calculates the effective annual interest rate | nominal_rate, npery |

FV | Figures out the future value of an investment | rate, nper, pmt, pv, type |

FVSCHEDULE | Figures out future value of a lump sum investment with adjustable interest rates | principal, schedule |

INTRATE | Figures out the interest rate for a fully invested security | settlement, maturity, investment, redemption, [basis] |

IPMT | Figures out the interest payment for the specified period for an investment or load | rate, per, nper, pv, [fv], [type] |

IRR | Figures out the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows that occur at regular intervals | values, [guess] |

ISPMT | Figures out interest payment of given period of an investment or loan | rate, per, nper, pv |

MDURATION | Figures out the modified Macauley duration for a security | settlement, maturity, coupon, yld, frequency, [basis] |

MIRR | Figures out modified internal rate of return for a series of cash flows | values, finance_rate, reinvest_rate |

NOMINAL | Calculates the nominal annual interest rate | effect_rate, npery |

NPER | Calculates the number of periods for investment or loan | rate, pmt, pv, [fv], [type] |

NPV | Calculates the net present value of investment | rate, value1, [value2], ... |

ODDFPRICE | Returns price per $100 face value with odd first period | settlement, maturity, issue, first_coupon, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

ODDFYIELD | Returns yield of security with odd first period | settlement, maturity, issue, first_coupon, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

ODDLPRICE | Returns price per $100 face value with odd last period | settlement, maturity, last_interest, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

ODDLYIELD | Returns yield of security with odd last period | settlement, maturity, last_interest, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

PDURATION | Returns the required number of periods for an investment to reach a specific value | rate, pv, fv |

PMT | Returns the periodic payment required to pay off a loan | rate, nper, pv, [fv], [type] |

PPMT | Returns the principal portion of a given loan payment | rate, per, nper, pv, [fv], [type] |

PRICE | Returns the price of a bond per $100 face value that pays periodic interest | settlement, maturity, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

PRICEDISC | Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security | settlement, maturity, discount, redemption, [basis] |

PRICEMAT | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interests at maturity | settlement, maturity, issue, rate, yld, [basis] |

PV | Returns the present value of a loan or an investment based on a constant interest rate | rate, nper, pmt, [fv], [type] |

RATE | Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity | nper, pmt, pv, [fv], [type], [guess] |

RECEIVED | Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security | settlement, maturity, investment, discount, [basis] |

RRI | Returns a numeric value. You can format the result to a percentage format | nper, pv, fv |

SLN | Returns straight-line depreciation of asset for one period | cost, salvage, life |

SYD | Returns sum-of-years’ depreciation of asset for given period | cost, salvage, life, per |

TBILLEQ | Returns bond-equivalent yield for Treasury bill | settlement, maturity, discount |

TBILLPRICE | Returns price per $100 for Treasury bill | settlement, maturity, discount |

TBILLYIELD | Returns yield for Treasury bill | settlement, maturity, pr |

VDB | Calculates depreciation using the double-declining balance method | cost, salvage, life, start_period, end_period, [factor], [no_switch] |

XIRR | Calculates the internal rate of return for irregular cash flows | values, dates, [guess] |

XNPV | Calculates the net present value for irregular cash flows | rate, values, dates |

YIELD | Calculates the yield on a security that pays periodic interest | settlement, maturity, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

YIELDDISC | Returns the annual yield for a discounted security | settlement, maturity, pr, redemption, [basis] |

YIELDMAT | Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity | settlement, maturity, issue, rate, pr, [basis] |

## Information | ## Description | ## Arguments |

CELL | Returns the requested information about a specified cell | info_type, [reference] |

ERROR.TYPE | Returns a number that corresponds to a specific error value | error_val |

INFO | Returns details about the current operating environment | type_text |

ISBLANK | Returns TRUE if a cell is empty or blank and FALSE otherwise | value |

ISERR | Returns TRUE for any error type (except #N/A) and FALSE otherwise | value |

ISERROR | Tests if an initial supplied expression or value returns an Excel error | value |

ISEVEN | Tests if a supplied number (or numeric expression) is even | number |

ISFORMULA | Tests if a cell contains formula | reference |

ISLOGICAL | Tests if a supplied value or expression returns a logical value (TRUE and FALSE) | value |

ISNA | Tests if a value or expression returns Excel #N/A error | value |

ISNONTEXT | Returns TRUE if a given value is non-text | value |

ISNUMBER | Returns TRUE if a given value is a number | value |

ISODD | Returns TRUE if a given value is an odd number | value |

ISOMITTED | Checks if the value is omitted in the LAMBDA function | argument |

ISREF | Returns TRUE if a given value is a reference | value |

ISTEXT | Returns TRUE if a given value is a text | value |

N | Converts a value to a number | value |

NA | Returns the #N/A error value | // |

SHEET | Returns the index number of a reference sheet in Excel | [value] |

SHEETS | Returns the number of sheets in a given reference | [reference] |

TYPE | Returns the type of the given value | value |

## Logical | ## Description | ## Arguments |

AND | Tests multiple conditions to return True or False | logical1, [logical2], ... |

BYCOL | Applies a LAMBDA function to each column in a given array and returns the result per column as a single array | array, lambda(column) |

BYROW | Applies a LAMBDA function to each row in a given array and returns the result per row as a single array | array, lambda(row) |

FALSE | Generates the logical FALSE value | // |

IF | Tests for a specific condition | logical_test, [value_if_true], [value_if_false] |

IFERROR | Traps and deals with errors | value, value_if_error |

IFNA | Traps and deals with #N/A errors | value, value_if_na |

IFS | Tests multiple conditions to return the first match | logical_test1, value_if_true1, [logical_test2, value_if_true2], ... |

LAMBDA | Creates custom functions that can be reused throughout a workbook | [parameter1, parameter2, …], calculation |

LET | Assigns names to calculation results | name1, name1_value, [name2/name2_value], ...,calculation |

MAKEARRAY | Returns a calculated array based on the given number of rows and columns | rows, columns, lambda(r,c,calculation) |

MAP | Returns an array formed by mapping each value in the supplied array(s) to a new value | array1, [array2], ..., lambda |

NOT | Reverses the arguments or results | logical |

OR | Tests multiple conditions with OR | logical1, [logical2], ... |

REDUCE | Returns the total value in the accumulator, reducing the array to an accumulated value | [initial_value], array, lambda(accumulator, value) |

SCAN | Returns an array that contains the intermediate values while scanning the array | [initial_value], array, lambda(accumulator, value) |

SWITCH | Matches multiple values, but returns the first match | expression, value1, result1, [value2, result2], ..., [default] |

TRUE | Generates the logical TRUE value | // |

XOR | Performs the exclusive OR function | logical1, [logical2], ... |

## Lookup and Reference | ## Description | ## Arguments |

ADDRESS | Returns the cell address reference by column number and row number | row_num, column_num, [abs_num], [a1], [sheet_text] |

AREAS | Returns the number of areas that make up the reference | reference |

CHOOSE | Returns a value from the list of value argument by the given index number | index_num, value1, [value2], ... |

CHOOSECOLS | Returns specified columns in an array or a range | array, col_num1, [col_num2],... |

CHOOSEROWS | Returns specified rows in an array or a range | array, row_num1, [row_num2],... |

COLUMN | Returns the number of column which formula appears or the column number of given reference | reference |

COLUMNS | Returns the total number of columns in a given array or reference | array |

DROP | Returns the specific rows or columns from an array based on the given number | array, rows, [columns] |

EXPAND | Expands or pads an array to a specified number of rows and columns dimensions | array, rows, [columns], [pad_with] |

FIELDVALUE | Retrieves field data from linked data types like Stocks or Geography data types | value, field_name |

FILTER | Filters a range of data and dynamically returns the matching results | array, include, [if_empty] |

FORMULATEXT | Returns a formula as a text string from a given reference | reference |

GETPIVOTDATA | Returns data based on the pivot table structure | data_field, pivot_table, [field1, item1], ... |

HLOOKUP | Looks a value in table by matching first row | value, table, row_index, [range_lookup] |

HSTACK | Combines multiplearrays horizontally into one large array | array1,[array2],... |

HYPERLINK | Creates a hyperlink which links to a given web page, a cell reference | link_location, [friendly_name] |

INDEX | Returns the displayed value based on a given position from a range or an array | array, row_num, [col_num], [area_num] |

INDIRECT | Converts a text string to a valid reference | ref_text, [a1] |

LOOKUP | Finds certain value in a one-column range | lookup_value, lookup_vector, [result_vector] |

MATCH | Gets the position of an item in an array | lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type] |

OFFSET | Returns a reference offset from a starting point | reference, rows, cols, [height], [width] |

ROW | Returns row number of a reference | [reference] |

ROWS | Returns the number of rows in a reference or an array | array |

SORT | Sorts the contents of a range or array in ascending or descending order | array, [sort_index], [sort_order], [by_col] |

SORTBY | Sorts the contents of one range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array | array, by_array1, [sort_order1], [by_array2, sort_order2],... |

TAKE | Returns a specified number of contiguous rows or columns from the start or end of a given array | array, rows,[columns] |

TOCOL | Transforms an array or range to a single column | array, [ignore], [scan_by_column] |

TOROW | Transforms an array or range to a single row | array, [ignore], [scan_by_column] |

TRANSPOSE | Rotates the orientation of a range or array | array |

UNIQUE | Extracts unique values from a range of data | array, [by_col], [exactly_once] |

VLOOKUP | Looks a value in a table by matching on the first column and return value from a certain column | lookup_value, Table_array, col_index, [range_lookup] |

VSTACK | Combines multiple arrays vertically into one large array | array1,[array2],... |

WRAPROWS | Converts a single row or column into multiple rows by specifying the number of values in each row. | avector, wrap_count, [pad_with] |

WRAPCOLS | Converts a single row or column into multiple columns by specifying the number of values in each column. | vector, wrap_count, [pad_with] |

XMATCH | Returns relative position of a specified value in a vertical or horizontal array or range | lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_mode], [search_mode] |

## Math and Trigonometry | ## Description | ## Arguments |

ABS | Returns the absolute value of number | number |

ACOS | Returns the arccosine (inverse cosine) of number | number |

ACOSH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number | number |

ACOT | Returns the arccotangent (inverse cotangent) of number | number |

ACOTH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic cotangent of a number | number |

AGGREGATE | Returns based on the specific used function | function_num, options, ref1, [ref2] |

ARABIC | Returns an arabic number by the given roman number | text |

ASIN | Returns an angle of triangle in radians | number |

ASINH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number | number |

ATAN | Returns the arctangent (inverse tangent) of a number | number |

ATAN2 | Returns the arctangent (inverse tangent) of specified x- and y-coordinates | x_num, y_num |

ATANH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number | number |

BASE | Returns the text representation of the converted number to another base | number, radix, [min_length] |

CEILING | Rounds number up to nearest multiple | number, multiple |

CEILING.MATH | Rounds number up to nearest multiple or nearest integer | number, [significance], [mode] |

CEILING.PRECISE | Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of specified significance | number, [significance] |

COMBIN | Returns the number of combinations for a given number of items | number, number_chosen |

COMBINA | Returns the number of combinations for a specified number of items with repetitions allowed | number, number_chosen |

COS | Returns the cosine of an angle given in radians | number |

COSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a given number | number |

COT | Calculate the cotangent of an angle in radians | number |

COTH | Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of a hyperbolic angle in radians | number |

CSC | Returns the cosecant of an angle provided in radians | array, number |

CSCH | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle provided in radians | array, number |

DECIMAL | Returns decimal number | text, radix |

DEGREES | Returns an angle in degrees | angle |

EVEN | Rounds numbers away from zero to the nearest even integer | number |

EXP | Returns the result of the constant e raised to the nth power | number |

FACT | Returns the factorial of a given number | number |

FACTDOUBLE | Returns the double factorial of a given number | number |

FLOOR | Rounds a given number down to the nearest multiple of the specified significance | number, significance |

FLOOR.MATH | Rounds a given number down to the nearest integer or nearest multiple of the specified significance | number, [significance], [mode] |

FLOOR.PRECISE | Rounds a given number down to the nearest integer or nearest multiple of the specified significance | number, [significance] |

GCD | Returns the greatest common divisor of two or more integers | number1, [number2], ... |

INT | Returns the integer part of a number by rounding it down to the nearest integer | number |

ISO.CEILING | Rounds up the nearest integer or the nearest multiple of significance | number, [significance] |

LCM | Returns the least common multiple of integers | number1, [number2], ... |

LN | Returns the natural logarithm of a given number | number |

LOG | Returns the logarithm of a number using a specified base | number, [base] |

LOG10 | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a given number | number |

MDETERM | Returns the matrix determinant of an array | array |

MINVERSE | Returns the inverse matrix of a given array | array |

MMULT | Returns the matrix products of two arrays | array1, array2 |

MOD | Returns the remainder after division | number, divisor |

MROUND | Returns a number rounded to the nearest specified multiple | number, multiple |

MULTINOMIAL | Returns the ratio of the factorial of a sum of supplied values to the product of factorials of those values | number1, [number2], ... |

MUNIT | Returns a unit matrix for specified dimension | dimension |

NEGBINOM.DIST | Returns returns the negative binomial distribution | number_f, number_s, probability_s, cumulative |

ODD | Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer | number |

PI | Returns the number 3.14159265358979 of the mathematical constant called pi | // |

POWER | Returns the result of a number raised to a given power | number, power |

PRODUCT | Calculates the product of cell values provides as arguments | number1, [number2], ... |

QUOTIENT | Returns only the integer portion of a division | numerator, denominator |

RADIANS | Converts degrees to radians | angle |

RAND | Returns a random real number between 0 and 1 | // |

RANDBETWEEN | Returns a random integer number between two given numbers | bottom, top |

ROMAN | Converts an Arabic number to a Roman numeral as text | number, [form] |

ROUND | Rounds a number to a specified number of digits | number, num_digits |

ROUNDDOWN | Rounds a number up (toward zero) to a specified number of digits | number, num_digits |

ROUNDUP | Rounds a number up (away from zero) to a specified number of digits | number, num_digits |

SEC | Returns the secant of an angle provided in radians | number |

SECH | Returns hyperbolic secant of an angle in radians | number |

SERIESSUM | Returns sum of a power series | x, n, m, coefficients |

SIGN | Returns sign of a number | number |

SIN | Returns sine of an angle in radians | number |

SINH | Returns hyperbolic sine of a number | number |

SQRT | Returns square root of a number | number |

SQRTPI | Returns square root of a supplied number multiplied by pi | number |

SUBTOTAL | Returns subtotal in a list or database | function_num, ref1, [ref2], ... |

SUM | Returns sum of numbers | number1, [number2], … |

SUMIF | Returns the summation for a list of numbers based on the specific criteria | range, criteria, sum_range |

SUMIFS | Returns the summation for a list of numbers that meet all specific criteria | sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ... |

SUMPRODUCT | Returns the result of multiplied and summed arrays | array1, [array2], ... |

SUMSQ | Returns sum of squares of values | number1, [number2], … |

SUMX2MY2 | Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two given arrays | array_x, array_y |

SUMX2PY2 | Returns the sum of squares of corresponding values in two given arrays | array_x, array_y |

SUMXMY2 | Returns the sum of squares of the differences of corresponding values in two given arrays | array_x, array_y |

TAN | Returns the tangent value of an angle | number |

TANH | Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a supplied number. | number |

TRUNC | Returns a truncated number based on a given precision | number, num_digits |

## Statistical | ## Description | ## Arguments |

AVEDEV | Returns the average of the absolute deviations of the numbers provided from their mean | number1, [number2], ... |

AVERAGE | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the given numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

AVERAGEA | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the supplied values | value1, [value2], ... |

AVERAGEIF | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers in a range that meet the given criteria | range, criteria, [average_range] |

AVERAGEIFS | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers in a range that meet one or more supplied criteria | average_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ... |

BETA.DIST | Returns the beta distribution which is usually used to study the percentage variation of something across samples. | x, alpha, beta, cumulative, [A], [B] |

BETA.INV | Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function for a specified beta distribution | probability, alpha, beta, [A], [B] |

BETADIST | Rturns the cumulative beta probability density function | x, alpha, beta, [A], [B] |

BETAINV | Rturns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function | probability, alpha, beta, [A], [B] |

BINOM.DIST | Returns the individual term binominal distribution probability | number_s, trials, probability_s, cumulative |

BINOMDIST | Returns the individual term binominal distribution probability | number_s, trials, probability_s, cumulative |

BINOM.DIST.RANGE | Returns the binomial distribution probability for the number of successes from a specified number of trials falling into a specified range | trials, probability_s, number_s, [number_s2] |

BINOM.INV | Returns the minimum value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion | trials, probability_s, alpha |

CRITBINOM | Returns the minimum value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion | trials, probability_s, alpha |

CHISQ.DIST | Returns the left-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | x, deg_freedom, cumulative |

CHISQ.DIST.RT | Returns the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | x, deg_freedom |

CHISQ.INV | Returns the inverse of the left-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | probability, deg_freedom |

CHISQ.INV.RT | Returns the inverse of the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | probability, deg_freedom |

CHISQ.TEST | Returns the chi-squared distribution of two provided data sets | actual_range, expected_range |

CONFIDENCE.NORM | Uses a normal distribution to calculate the confidence interval for a population mean | alpha, standard_dev, size |

CONFIDENCE.T | Uses a student’s distribution to calculate the confidence interval for a population mean | alpha, standard_dev, size |

CORREL | Returns the correlation coefficient of two cell ranges | array1, array2 |

COUNT | Returns the number of cells contain numbers | value1, [value2] |

COUNTA | Returns the number of cells excluding empty cells | value1, [value2] |

COUNTBLANK | Returns the number of empty cells | range |

COUNTIF | Returns the number of cells that meet acriterion | range, criteria |

COUNTIFS | Returns the number of cells that meet multiple critera | criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2], [criteria2], ... |

COVARIANCE.P | Returns the population variance of two data sets | array1, array2 |

COVARIANCE.S | Returns the sample variance of two data sets | array1, array2 |

COVAR | Returns the variance of two data sets | array1, array2 |

DEVSQ | Returns the sum of squares of the deviations from the sample mean | number1, [number2], ... |

EXPON.DIST | Returns the exponential distribution based on the given x value and the parameter of the distribution | array1, arry2, cumulative |

EXPONDIST | Returns the exponential distribution based on the given x value and the parameter of the distribution | array1, arry2, cumulative |

F.DIST | Returns the F probability distribution | x, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2, cumulative |

FDIST | Returns the (right-tailed) F probability distribution | x, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2 |

F.DIST.RT | Calculates the (right-tailed) F probability distribution | x, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2 |

F.INV | Returns the inverse of F probability distribution | probability, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2 |

FINV | Returns the inverse of the (right-tailed) F probability distribution | probability, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2 |

FISHER | Returns the Fisher transformation of a supplied value (x) | x |

FISHERINV | Returns the inverse of Fisher transformation of a supplied value (y) | y |

F.INV.RT | Calculates the inverse of the (right-tailed) F probability distribution | probability, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2 |

FORECAST | Predicts a value with a linear trend | x, known_y's, known_x's |

FORECAST.ETS | Predicts a value with a seasonal trend | target_date, values, timeline, [seasonality], [data_completion], [aggregation] |

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT | Calculates the confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date | target_date, values, timeline, [confidence_level], [seasonality], [data_completion], [aggregation] |

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY | Returns the length of a seasonal pattern based on existing values and a timeline | values, timeline, [data_completion], [aggregation] |

FORECAST.ETS.STAT | Returns a specified statistical value as a result of time series forecasting | values, timeline, statistic_type, [seasonality], [data_completion], [aggregation] |

FORECAST.LINEAR | Predicts a value with a linear trend | x, known_y's, known_x's |

FREQUENCY | Returns a frequency distribution | data_array, bins_array |

F.TEST | Returns the result of an F-test for two given arrays or ranges | array1, array2 |

FTEST | Returns the result of an F-test for two given arrays or ranges | array1, array2 |

GAMMA | Returns the value of the gamma function for a specified number | x |

GAMMA.DIST | Returns the gamma distribution | x, alpha, beta, cumulative |

GAMMADIST | Returns the gamma distribution | x, alpha, beta, cumulative |

GAMMA.INV | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution | probability, alpha, beta |

GAMMAINV | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution | probability, alpha, beta |

GAMMALN | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(n) | x |

GAMMALN.PRECISE | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(n) | x |

GAUSS | Calculates the probability that a member of a standard normal population falls between the mean and z standard deviation from the mean | z |

GEOMEAN | Returns geometric mean of a range of positive numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

GROWTH | Returns the predicted exponential GROWTH based on a given set of data | known_y’s, [known_x’s], [new_x’s], [const] |

HARMEAN | Returns harmonic mean of a range of positive numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

HYPGEOM.DIST | Returns the value of the hypergeometric distribution | sample_s, number_sample, population_s, number_pop, cumulative |

HYPGEOMDIST | Returns the value of the hypergeometric distribution | sample_s, number_sample, population_s, number_pop |

INTERCEPT | Calculates the point at which a linear regression line will intersect the y-axis by using the given x-values and y-values | known_ys, known_xs |

KURT | Returns the kurtosis of a supplied data set | number1, [number2], ... |

LARGE | Returns the k-th largest number in array | array, k |

LINEST | Returns the statistic for a best fit straight line based on the supplied set of x value and y value by using the “least squares” method | known_ys, known_xs, [const], [stats] |

LOGEST | Returns an exponential curve that best fits a supplied set of y- and x- values and returns an array of values that describes the curve | known_y’s, [known_x’s], [const], [stats] |

LOGNORM.DIST | Calculates the lognormal distribution for a given value of x | x, mean, standard_dev, cumulative |

LOGNORMDIST | Calculates the lognormal distribution for a given value of x | x, mean, standard_dev |

LOGNORM.INV | Returns the inverse lognormal distribution for a given value of x | probability, mean, standard_dev |

LOGINV | Returns the inverse lognormal distribution for a given value of x | probability, mean, standard_dev |

MAX | Returns the largest value in the supplied set of values, ignores logical values | number1, [number2], ... |

MAXA | Returns the largest value in the supplied set of values | value1, [value2], ... |

MAXIFS | Returns the largest value of a range of values that specified set of criteria | max_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ... |

MEDIAN | Returns the middle number of the supplied numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

MIN | Returns the smallest number from the data provided | number1, [number2], ... |

MINA | Returns the smallest numeric value from a set of values provided | value1, [value2], ... |

MINIFS | Returns the smallest numeric value in a range that meet one or more supplied criteria | min_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ... |

MODE | Returns the most frequently occurring number in a set of numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

MODE.MULT | Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring numbers in a set of numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

MODE.SNGL | Returns the most frequently occurring number in a set of numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

NORM.DIST | Returns normal cumulative distribution function or probability density function | x, mean, standard_dev, cumulative |

NORMDIST | Returns normal cumulative distribution function or probability density function | x, mean, standard_dev, cumulative |

NORM.INV | Returns inverse of the normal cumulative distribution | probability, mean, standard_dev |

NORMINV | Returns inverse of the normal cumulative distribution | probability, mean, standard_dev |

NORM.S.DIST | Returns standard normal cumulative distribution function or probability density function | z, cumulative |

NORMSDIST | Returns standard normal cumulative distribution function | z |

NORM.S.INV | Returns inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution | probability |

NORMSINV | Returns inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution | probability |

PEARSON | Returns the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient | array1, array2 |

PERCENTILE | Returns k-th percentile, k is from 0 to 1 including | array, k |

PERCENTILE.EXC | Returns k-th percentile, k is from 0 to 1 excluding | array, k |

PERCENTILE.INC | Returns k-th percentile, k is from 0 to 1 including | array, k |

PERCENTRANK | Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the data set | array, x, [significance] |

PERCENTRANK.EXC | Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (excludes 0 and 1) of the data set | array, x, [significance] |

PERCENTRANK.INC | Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (includes 0 and 1) of the data set | array, x, [significance] |

PERMUT | Returns the number of permutations of a given number of objects from a set of objects (not allow repetitions) | number, number_chosen |

PERMUTATIONA | Returns the number of permutations of a given number of objects from a set of objects (allows repetitions) | number, number_chosen |

PHI | Returns the value of density distribution for a standard normal distribution for a given number | x |

POISSON | Returns the Poisson distribution which is used to predict the number of events occurring over a specific time | x, mean, cumulative |

POISSON.DIST | Returns the Poisson distribution which is used to predict the number of events occurring over a specific time | x, mean, cumulative |

PROB | Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits | x_range, prob_range, [lower_limit], [uppeer_limit] |

QUARTILE | Returns the quartile for a data set | array, quart |

QUARTILE.EXC | Returns the quartile for a data set based on a percentile range of 0 to 1 exclusive | array, quart |

QUARTILE.INC | Returns the quartile for a data set based on a percentile range of 0 to 1 inclusive | array, quart |

RANDARRAY | Returns an array of random numbers | [rows], [columns], [min], [max], [integer] |

RANK | Returns the rank of a number against numbers in the same list | number, ref, [order] |

RANK.AVG | Returns the rank of a number against numbers in the same list | number, ref, [order] |

RANK.EQ | Returns the rank of a number against numbers in the same list | number, ref, [order] |

RSQ | Returns the square of the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient | known_ys, known_xs |

SEQUENCE | Allows creating a list of sequential numbers in an array | rows, [columns], [start], [step] |

SKEW | Returns the skewness of a distribution of a set of values | number1, [number2], ... |

SKEW.P | Returns the skewness of a distribution of data that represents an entire population | number1, [number2], ... |

SLOPE | Returns the slope of a regression line based on the supplied y values and x values | known_y's, known_x's |

SMALL | Returns the kth smallest value from a set of numeric values | array, k |

STANDARDIZE | Returns a normalized value (z-score) from a distribution based on the mean and standard deviation of a data set | x, mean, standard_dev |

STDEV | Returns standard deviation based on a given sample of data | number1, [number2], ... |

STDEV.P | Returns standard deviation based on the entire population | value1, [value2], ... |

STDEV.S | Returns standard deviation based on a given sample of data | number1, [number2], ... |

STDEVA | Returns standard deviation based on a sample of population | number1, [number2], ... |

STDEVP | Returns standard deviation based on the entire population | value1, [value2}, ... |

STDEVPA | Calculates standard deviation based on the given entire population | value1, [value2], ... |

STEYX | Returns the standard error of the predicted y value for each x in a linear regression | known_ys, known_xs |

T.DIST | Returns the Student's left-tailed t-distribution | x, deg_freedom, cumulative |

T.DIST.2T | Returns the Student's two-tailed t-distribution | x, deg_freedom |

T.DIST.RT | Returns the Student's right-tailed t-distribution | x, deg_freedom |

TDIST | Returns the Student's t-distribution | x, deg_freedom, tails |

T.INV | Returns the inverse of Student's left-tailed t-distribution | probability, deg_freedom |

TINV | Returns the two-tailed inverse of the Student's t-distribution | probability, deg_freedom |

T.INV.2T | Returns the inverse of Student's two-tailed-distribution | probability, deg_freedom |

TREND | Predicts values along a linear trend | known_y's, [known_x's], [new_x's], [const] |

TRIMMEAN | Returns the mean of the interior of a data set | array, percent |

T.TEST | Returns the probability that is associated with a Student's t-test | array1, array2, tails, type |

TTEST | Returns the probability that is associated with a Student's t-test | array1, array2, tails, type |

VAR | Returns the variance based on a given sample | number1, [number2], ... |

VAR.P | Returns the variance based on the entire population | number1, [number2], ... |

VAR.S | Returns the variance based on a given sample | number1, [number2], ... |

VARA | Returns the variance based on a given sample | value1, [value2], ... |

VARP | Returns the variance based on the entire population | number1, [number2], ... |

VARPA | Returns the variance based on the entire population | value1, [value2], ... |

WEIBULL | Returns the Weibull probability density function or Weibull cumulative distribution | x_range, alpha, betta, cumulative |

WEIBULL.DIST | Returns the Weibull probability density function or Weibull cumulative distribution | x_range, alpha, betta, cumulative |

ZTEST | Returns the one-tailed P-value of a z-test which is useful for various analyses | array, x, [sigma] |

Z.TEST | Returns the one-tailed P-value of a z-test which is useful for various analyses | array, x, [sigma] |

## Text | ## Description | ## Arguments |

ARRAYTOTEXT | Converts an array or range into a text string | array, [format] |

ASC | Returns the ASCII code for the first character of a string | text |

BAHTTEXT | Converts a number to Thai text with a suffix of “Baht” (Thai currency บาทถ้วน) | number |

CHAR | Returns the character specified by a number | number |

CLEAN | Removes all non-printable characters from the given text | text |

CODE | Returns a numeric code of the first character in a given text string | text |

CONCAT | Joins texts from multiple columns, rows or ranges together | text1, [text2], ... |

CONCATENATE | Joins two or more texts items from multiple cells into one | text1, [text2], ... |

DBCS | Converts half-width (single-byte) characters into full-width (double-byte) characters in a text string | text |

DOLLAR | Converts a number to text in the currency formatting | number, decimals |

EXACT | Returns TRUE if two compared strings are exactly same, or returns FALSE | text1, text2 |

FIND | Returns the starting position of a string inside another one | find_text, within_text, [start_num] |

FINDB | Returns the starting position of a string inside another one in bytes | find_text, within_text, [start_num] |

FIXED | Returns a number formatted as decimals and represented as text | number, [decimal_places], [no_commas] |

LEFT | Extracts string from left of a text string | text, [num_chars] |

LEFTB | Extracts specified bytes of string from left of a text string | text, [num_bytes] |

LEN | Counts the length of a string | text |

LENB | Counts the length of a string in bytes | text |

LOWER | Lowercases letters in the text string | text |

MID | Returns the specific characters from the middle of text string | text, start_num, num_chars |

MIDB | Returns specific bytes of characters from the position you specify from a text string | text, start_num, num_bytes |

NUMBERVALUE | Returns the real number from number is stored as text | text, [decimal_separator], [group_separator] |

PHONETIC | Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string | reference |

PROPER | Converts text strings to proper case | text |

REPLACE | Finds and replaces characters based on given location from text string with a new text | old_text, start_num, num_chars, new_text |

REPLACEB | replaces part of a text string with a new text string based on the number of bytes you specify | old_text, start_num, num_bytes, new_text |

REPT | Returns the repeated text by specific number of times | text, number_times |

RIGHT | Extracts the text from right of a text string | text, [num_chars] |

RIGHTB | Extracts specified bytes of string from right of a text string | text, [num_bytes] |

SEARCH | Returns the location of the specific character or text from the given text string | find_text, within_text, [start_num] |

SEARCHB | Returns the starting position of a string inside another one in bytes | find_text, within_text, [start_num] |

SUBSTITUTE | Replaces text based on given text | text, new_text, old_text, [instance_num] |

T | Returns the text referred to by a value | value |

TEXT | Converts number to text with a specific format | text, format_text |

TEXTAFTER | Extracts and returns the text that occurs after a given substring or delimiter | text, delimiter, [instance_num], [match_mode], [match_end], [if_not_found] |

TEXTBEFORE | Extracts and returns the text that occurs before a given substring or delimiter | text, delimiter, [instance_num], [match_mode], [match_end], [if_not_found] |

TEXTJOIN | Joins multiple values with specific delimiter | delimiter, ignore_empty, text1, [text2], ... |

TEXTSPLIT | Splits text strings by a given delimiter | text, col_delimiter, [row_delimiter], [ignore_empty], [match_mode], [pad_with] |

TRIM | Removes extra spaces from text string | text |

UNICHAR | Returns the Unicode character based on given number | number |

UNICODE | Returns the number based on the first character of given text | text |

UPPER | Converts all letters of a given text to uppercase | text |

VALUE | Converts text to a number | text |

VALUETOTEXT | Converts any specified value to text | value, [format] |

## Web | ## Description | ## Arguments |

ENCODEURL | Converts a text to a URL-encoded string | text |

FILTERXML | Returns specific values from XML text by using the given XPath | xml, xpath |

WEBSERVICE | Returns data from a web service | url |