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Excel TOCOL function

The TOCOL function transforms an array or range to a single column.

Note: This function is only available in Excel for Microsoft 365 on the Insider channel.

TOCOL function VS. TOROW function

The TOCOL function can be used to transform an array or a range to a single column, while the TOROW function can be used to transform an array or a range to a single row.

Syntax

=TOCOL(array, [ignore], [scan_by_column])

Arguments

Array (required): An array you want to transform to a single column.
Ignore (optional): To ignore certain types of values. By default, all values are kept.
-- 0 or omitted: Keep all values (default);
-- 1: Ignore blanks;
-- 2: Ignore errors;
-- 3: Ignore blanks and errors.
Scan_by_column (optional): How the function scans the array.
-- FALSE or omitted: The array is scanned by row (default);
-- TRUE: The array is scanned by column.

Return value

It returns a single column.

Example

Here we take the table below as an example to demonstrate the different uses of the TOCOL function.

#Example1: Transform a range to a single column and keep all values by default

For example, you want to take only the first three rows or columns from the sales table. You can apply one of the formulas below to get it done.

The range above contains both blanks and error values. To transform the range to a single column and keep all values in the resulting column, please apply the following formula.

Select a cell, such as H6 in this case, enter the following formula and press the Enter key to get the new column.

=TOCOL(B6:F9)

Notes:

1) In this case, we omitted the Ignore and the scan_by_column arguments in the formula.
2) Blank cells are displayed as 0 in the resulting column.
#Example2: Transform a range to a single column and ignore certain types of values

To ignore all blanks, you just need to specify a number 1 for the ignore argument. The formula is as follows.

=TOCOL(B6:F9,1)

To ignore error values, specify the number 2 for the ignore argument. The formula is as follows.

=TOCOL(B6:F9,2)

To ignore both the blanks and errors, specify a number 3 for the ignore argument.

=TOCOL(B6:F9,3)

#Example3: Transform a range to a single column by scanning values by column

By default, the TOCOL function scans the array by rows. If you need to return a single column from the array scanned by column, you need to set the scan_by_column argument to TRUE.

Select a cell, say J6 in this case, enter the following formula and press the Enter key to get the new column.

=TOCOL(B6:F9,3,TRUE)


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