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Excel YEAR function

doc workday.intl function 1

If you want to follow along with this tutorial, please download the example spreadsheet.
doc sample


The YEAR function returns the year based on the given date in a 4-digit serial number format.

Syntax and arguments

Formula syntax


doc year function 2


  • Serial_number: Required. The date you want to get the corresponding year.

Return Value

The YEAR function returns a year as 4-digit integer number which is in the range 1900-9999.


In Excel, it stores date as sequential serial numbers so that they can be used to calculated. January 1, 1900 generally is seen as the serial number 1. Take an instance, the serial number 41300 means that 41300 days after the January 1, 1900, and it is January 26, 2013.


1. It returns #VALUE! if the argument serial_number is text format.

2. It returns #NUM! if the argument serial_number is an invalid date.

Usage and Examples

Example 1 To get the year from a date in a cell

To get the year from the date in cell B3, please use below formula:


doc year function 5

Press Enter key to get the year.
doc year function 3

Example 2 To get the year based on a serial number

Supposing you want to get the year corresponding a serial number 45653, you can use below formula:


doc year function 7

Press Enter key a, and it gets the year 2024.
doc year function 6

Relative Functions:

  • Excel Days Function
    To calculate the number of days between two given dates, the DAYS function in Excel can help you.

  • Excel DAYS360 Function
    DAYS360 function can help you to return the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year, which is considered to have 30 days in each month.

  • Excel WEEKNUM Function
    The WEEKNUM in Excel returns the week number of the given date in a year, which starts counting weeks from January 1.

  • Excel WORKDAY;Function
    The WORKDAY is used to add a specified number of workdays to a started date and returns the future or past date in a serial number format.

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