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How to auto fit row height of merged cells in Excel?

In Excel, we can quickly adjust the row height to the fit the cell contents by using the AutoFit Row Height feature, but this function will completely ignores merged cells. That is to say, you can’t apply the AutoFit Row Height feature to resize the row height of merged cells, you need to manually adjust the row height for merged cells one by one. In this article, I can introduce some quick methods to solve this problem.

Auto fit row height of merged cells with VBA code

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arrow blue right bubble Auto fit row height of merged cells with VBA code


Supposing I have a worksheet with some merged cells as following screenshot shown, and now I need to resize the cell row height to display the whole contents, the below VBA code may help you to auto fit the row height of multiple merged cells, please do as follows:

doc-autofit-merged-cells-1

1. Hold down the ALT + F11 keys, and it opens the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window.

2. Click Insert > Module, and paste the following code in the Module Window.

VBA code: Auto fit row height of multiple merged cells
Option Explicit
Public Sub AutoFitAll()
  Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a1:b2"))
   Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("c4:d6"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("e1:e3"))
End Sub
Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range)
  Dim tHeight As Integer
  Dim iPtr As Integer
  Dim oldWidth As Single
  Dim oldZZWidth As Single
  Dim newWidth As Single
  Dim newHeight As Single
  With Sheets("Sheet4")
    oldWidth = 0
    For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
      oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
    Next iPtr
    oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth
    oRange.MergeCells = False
    newWidth = Len(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value)
    oldZZWidth = .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth
    .Range("ZZ1") = Left(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value, newWidth)
    .Range("ZZ1").WrapText = True
    .Columns("ZZ").ColumnWidth = oldWidth
    .Rows("1").EntireRow.AutoFit
    newHeight = .Rows("1").RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
    .Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight
    oRange.MergeCells = True
    oRange.WrapText = True
    .Range("ZZ1").ClearContents
    .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth = oldZZWidth
  End With
End Sub

Notes:

(1.) In the above code, you can add new ranges just copy Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a1:b2")) script many times as you want, and change the merged cell ranges to your needed.

(2.) And you should change the current worksheet name Sheet4 to your used sheet name.

3. Then press F5 key to run this code, and now, you can see all the merged cells have been auto fitted to their cell contents, see screenshot:

doc-autofit-merged-cells-1


Related article:

How to auto fit column width in Excel?


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  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    saravanan · 7 months ago
    not working , ye password set in your code not working in your code
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    dougs · 9 months ago
    I believe the reason that the row heights do not calculate properly is related to these lines of code
    For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
    oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
    Next iPtr
    oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth

    The variable OldWidth gets set to the sum of the column widths in the range, but for some reason it gets reset to only the width of the first two columns. The first 3 lines of code are therefore made redundant by the 4th line. When I removed the line it was much better, but the other issue I found was that you have to make sure that the font and font size of the temporary cell (ZZ1 in the example code) must match the font and size of the merged cells; otherwise, text will not wrap in the same way as the merged cells wrap and may not be the correct height.
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    tomoharu · 11 months ago
    I made add-in for Auto fit row height of multiple merged cells.
    Please use this, if you want to autofit row hight.
    [Release Ver2.6 · toowaki/AutoFitRowEx · GitHub]
    https://github.com/toowaki/AutoFitRowEx/releases/tag/2.6.2
    • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
      ABC · 11 months ago
      This is pretty helpful, thanks!
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Krishna · 1 years ago
    I am trying to understand the necessity of Line 19. You are assigning a value again to OldWidth. Can you please explain?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Chris · 1 years ago
    My code will not even run I just get a compile error when I try to call the AutoFitMergedCells - Expected Function or variable?