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How to keep formula cell reference constant in Excel?

When you use a cell reference in a formula, it will automatically adjust when you move it to a different location or copy and paste it to another cells. See below screenshot shows.

In many cases, you would like the cell reference staying constant rather than adjusting automatically. In this tutorial, we will show you how to keep formula cell reference constant in Excel.

Method A:
Keep formula cell reference constant with the F4 key

Method B:
Keep formula cell reference constant with Kutools for Excel


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Keep formula cell reference constant with the F4 key

To keep cell reference constant in formula, you just need to add the $ symbol to the cell reference with pressing the F4 key. Please do as follows.

1. Select the cell with the formula you want to make it constant.

2. In the Formula Bar, put the cursor in the cell which you want to make it constant, then press the F4 key.

In this case, I don’t want the cell reference A1 to be adjusted with the formula moving, so I put the cursor on A1 in the formula, and then press F4. See screenshot:

Then you can see the cell reference A1 is constant in the formula.


Keep formula cell reference constant with Kutools for Excel

The Convert Refers feature of Kutools for Excel can help you easily making cell reference constant in Excel.

Kutools for Excel : with more than 300 handy Excel add-ins, free to try with no limitation in 60 days. 

1. After installing Kutools for Excel, please click Kutools > Convert Refers to activate the Convert Formula References feature.

2. When the Convert Formula References dialog box pops up, select the cell or the range you want to make the references constant, then select the To absolute option, and finally click the OK button.

Note: With this To absolute feature, all the cell references will be changed to constant references.


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