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How to keep formula cell reference constant in Excel?

When you use relative cell reference in a formula, it will automatically adjust when you use the Fill Handle to apply it to a different location or copy and paste it to another cells. See below screenshot shows.
In many cases, you would like the cell reference staying constant rather than adjusting automatically. In this tutorial, we will show you how to keep formula cell reference constant in Excel.

Keep formula cell reference constant with the F4 key

To keep cell reference constant in formula, you just need to add the $ symbol to the cell reference with pressing the F4 key. Please do as follows.

1. Select the cell with the formula you want to make it constant.

2. In the Formula Bar, put the cursor in the cell which you want to make it constant, then press the F4 key.

In this case, I don’t want the cell reference A1 to be adjusted with the formula moving, so I put the cursor on A1 in the formula, and then press F4. See screenshot:

Then you can see the cell reference A1 is constant in the formula.

Easily keep formula cell reference constant with several clicks only

Here highly recommend the Kutools for Excel's Convert Refers utility. This feature helps you easily convert all formula references in bulk in a selected range or multiple ranges to a specific type of formula reference. Such as convert relative to absolute, absolute to relative and so on.
Download Kutools for Excel Now! ( 30-day free trail)

Let's see how to use this feature to easily keep formula cell reference constant in Excel.

1. After installing Kutools for Excel, please click Kutools > More >  Convert Refers to activate the Convert Formula References feature.

2. When the Convert Formula References dialog box pops up, please configure as follows.

  • Select a range or multiple ranges (hold on the Ctrl key to select multiple ranges one by one) you want to make the references constant;
  • Choose the To absolute option;
  • Click the OK button.

Then all the relative cell references in selected range are changed to constant references immediately.

  If you want to have a free trial ( 30-day) of this utility, please click to download it, and then go to apply the operation according above steps.

Demo: Keep formula cell reference constant with Kutools for Excel

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  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Bharat · 4 months ago
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Andrew · 8 months ago
    Does not work. If I insert a row above the cell, the formula "tracks" the cell to its new location. This is not what your title implies. I need a formula that reads = B1 and if data gets inserted into row B:B then the formula reads = B1 and returns the new value. Absolute referencing does not do this.
    • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
      Martin · 5 months ago
      Andrew, that is exactly what I want too..... how can we hold the cell reference Completely constant in these circumstances?
      • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
        Angelo Antonino · 4 days ago
        Use the INDEX() function and for the Array use a range of columns to cover all your data (assuming no column inserts/deletes will happen)
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Gavin Parker Rose · 4 years ago
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