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How to calculate Easter date in Excel?

Author: Xiaoyang Last Modified: 2020-07-17
doc calculate easter date 1

As we all known, Easter holiday is always the first Sunday which after the first ecclesiastical full moon that occurs on or after March 21, so the Easter date of each year may be different date as following screenshot shown. To get the specific Easter date of a given year, this article may do you a favor.

Calculate Easter date of given year with formula

Calculate Easter date of given year with User Defined Function


arrow blue right bubble Calculate Easter date of given year with formula

To get the Easter date of given year, the following formula can help you, please do as follows:

1. Enter this formula: =FLOOR("5/"&DAY(MINUTE(A2/38)/2+56)&"/"&A2,7)-34 into a blank cell beside your given year, B2, for example, see screenshot:

doc calculate easter date 2

2. Then drag the fill handle down to the cells that you want to calculate the Easter date of the given date, and five-digit numbers are displayed in the cells, see screenshot:

doc calculate easter date 3

3. And then you should format he numbers as date format:

(1.) Select the 5-digit numbers and right click to choose Format Cells from the context menu;

(2.) In the popped out Format Cells dialog box, click Number tab, and select Date from the Category pane, then choose one date format you like from the right list box, see screenshot:

doc calculate easter date 4

4. And then, the numbers have been formatted as the date format as you need, and you can get the Easter date of the given year, see screenshot:

doc calculate easter date 5

Tips: To format the numbers to your normal used date format, you can also use the Apply Date Formatting utility of Kutools for Excel as following screenshot shown:

doc calculate easter date 6


arrow blue right bubble Calculate Easter date of given year with User Defined Function

The following User Defined Function also can help you to calculate the Easter date of a specific year.

1. Hold down the ALT + F11 keys, then it opens the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window.

2. Click Insert > Module, and paste the following code in the Module Window.

VBA code: Calculate Easter date of given year:

Public Function EasterDate(Yr As Integer) As Date
'Updateby Extendoffice 20160530
  Dim x As Integer
  x = (((255 - 11 * (Yr Mod 19)) - 21) Mod 30) + 21
  EasterDate = DateSerial(Yr, 3, 1) + x + (x > 48) + 6 - ((Yr + Yr \ 4 + _
      x + (x > 48) + 1) Mod 7)
End Function

3. Then save and close this code, go back to the worksheet and enter this formula: =easterdate(A2) into a blank cell beside your corresponding data, and then drag the fill handle down to the cells that you want to apply this formula, you will get some five-digits numbers, see screenshot:

doc calculate easter date 7

5. And then you should change the numbers to date format as you need. Please view step3 of above method to format them to date.

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Comments (11)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Excel verison, more simple, you only have to change L3 at the beginning to the cell where you will put the year (like 2022) in. 
=LET(Y;L3;A;MOD(Y;19);B;MOD(Y;4);C;MOD(Y;7);D;MOD(19*A+24;30);E;MOD(2*B+4*C+6*D+5;7);H;IFS(AND(E=6;D=29);50;AND(E=6;D=28;A>10);49;TRUE;22+D+E);IF(H<=31;DATE(Y;3;H);DATE(Y;4;H-31)))
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello hztamas, Thank you a lot for your share. I changed the ";" to "," in your formula so it can work in Excel. I have data (like 2013) in cell A1.=LET(Y,A1,A,MOD(Y,19),B,MOD(Y,4),C,MOD(Y,7),D,MOD(19*A+24,30),E,MOD(2*B+4*C+6*D+5,7),H,IFS(AND(E=6,D=29),50,AND(E=6,D=28,A>10),49,TRUE,22+D+E),IF(H<=31,DATE(Y,3,H),DATE(Y,4,H-31)))This formula works, but I think it is not so much simpler than the formula in the article. Anyway, I think they are both great. Thanks again!Sincerely,Mandy
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
It works on google sheets. It is very long but works without error for the problematic years too (what you mentioned here). You can copy to a cell and in K1 cell the year is expected, like 2022

=DATE(K1;IF((IFS(AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=29);50;AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=28;MOD(K1;19)>10);50;TRUE;22+MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)))<=31;3;4);IF((IFS(AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=29);50;AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=28;MOD(K1;19)>10);50;TRUE;22+MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)))<=31;IFS(AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=29);50;AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=28;MOD(K1;19)>10);49;TRUE;22+MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7));(IFS(AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=29);50;AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=28;MOD(K1;19)>10);49;TRUE;22+MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)))-31))
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello hztamas,
Thanks for your share. This formula does work without error on google sheets. Thanks!
Sincerely,
Mandy
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
It works on google sheets. It is very long but works without error for the problematic years too (what you mentioned here). You can copy to a cell and in K1 cell the year is expected, like 2022
=DATE(K1;IF((IFS(AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=29);50;AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=28;MOD(K1;19)>10);50;TRUE;22+MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)))<=31;3;4);IF((IFS(AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=29);50;AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=28;MOD(K1;19)>10);50;TRUE;22+MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)))<=31;IFS(AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=29);50;AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=28;MOD(K1;19)>10);49;TRUE;22+MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7));(IFS(AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=29);50;AND(MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)=6;MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)=28;MOD(K1;19)>10);49;TRUE;22+MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+MOD(2*MOD(K1;4)+4*MOD(K1;7)+6*MOD(19*MOD(K1;19)+24;30)+5;7)))-31))

This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello Tami,Thanks for your share. This formula does work without error on google sheets. Thanks!Sincerely,Mandy
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Is there a similar Excel Formula to figure out the Chinese New Year since it's also a Lunar Calendar Holiday?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
What about orthodox easter? Is there a code for that as well?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Also 2108 gives 2108-Mar-31, should be 2108-Apr-1.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I translated your formula for Dutch Excel like this (year in A81):
=AFRONDEN.BENEDEN(DATUM(A81;5;DAG(MINUUT(A81/38)/2+56));7)-34

The formula gives 2079-04-16 for Easter 2079. This should be 2079-04-23. The rest of the 21st century looks ok!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Yes I've had some problems with variations on that formula. Check 2011, 2038, 2052, and 2079, all 7 days early.
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