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How to anchoring formula cells (change cell reference to absolute) in Excel?

Normally, when you create a formula, the cell references are relative, so the calculating result will be changed automatically when you copy and paste them to another location. For anchoring the formula cells to make the result constant, you need to change the cell reference to absolute in formulas. The following two methods will show you how to deal with it.

Anchoring cells (change cell reference to absolute) with pressing the F4 key
Mass anchoring cells (change cell reference to absolute) with Kutools for Excel


Anchoring cells (change cell reference to absolute) with pressing the F4 key

You can change cell reference of formula to absolute with pressing the F4 key. Please do as follows.

1. Double click the formula cell to get into the editing mode.

2. Click on a cell reference and then press the F4 key until the $ marks are displayed before both the row number and column number. See screenshot:

2. Keep selecting the other cell reference in current formula cell and repeat the step 2 until all cell references are changed to absolute.


Mass anchoring cells (change cell reference to absolute) with Kutools for Excel

If you want to anchor all selected formula cells at once, you can try the Convert Refers utility of Kutools for Excel.

Before applying Kutools for Excel, please download and install it firstly.

1. Select the formula cells you need to change all referenced cells to absolute, then click Kutools > MoreConvert Refers.

2. In the Convert Formula References dialog box, select the To absolute option, and then click the OK button.

doc anchoring cells 1

Then all referenced cells in selected formulas are converted to absolute immediately.

  If you want to have a free trial (30-day) of this utility, please click to download it, and then go to apply the operation according above steps.


Mass anchoring cells (change cell reference to absolute) with Kutools for Excel

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