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How to run VBA macro when open or close workbook?

Author: Sun Last Modified: 2020-09-02

In many cases we may use the VBA code to achieve the operations which Excel built-in functions not support. But have you ever tried to run the VBA macro in each time of opening or closing the workbook. In this article, I will tell you how to run the VBA code while opening or closing the workbook every time.

Run VBA code when close or open workbook

Run VBA code when close or open workbook

1. Enable the workbook, press Alt + F11 keys to open the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window.

2. Double click ThisWorkbook in Project – VBAProject pane to open the ThisWorkbook (Code) window.
doc run code when open or close 1

2. In the code window, select Workbook from the left drop down list. Notice that, in default, the Open will be displayed in right drop down list, if not, change it to Open.
doc run code when open or close 2

3. Then copy your own code without the first and last line and paste between Private Sub Workbook_Open() and End Sub as below screenshot shown.
doc run code when open or close 3

4. Then click Save button to save the code, in the popping reminder dialog, click No.
doc run code when open or close 4

5 Then a Save As dialog pops out, save the file as Excel Macro-Enabled Workbook and select a folder to place the file.
doc run code when open or close 5

6. Click Save button. Now the code will run while the workbook is open.

If you want to run the code while closing workbook each time, select Deactiviate from the right drop down list in the Code window, and copy the code you will run and paste between Private Sub Workbook_Deactivate() and End Sub.

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I have used this VBA code with some success. I find that when I am working on more than one workbook at a time, each time I switch the focus from the macro enabled workbook to another workbook, the macro is run. I don't want it to run until I actually manually "CLOSE" the file. Do you now how I can accomplish that?
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