## Extract filename from a path in Excel

This tutorial explains how to apply formulas to extract filename with or without extension from a file path in a specific cell in Excel.

**Extract filename with extension from a path Extract filename without extension from a path**

#### Extract filename with extension from a path

As the below screenshot shown, there is a list containing different file paths, and you want to extract only the filenames with extensions from them, the following formula will help you solve the problem.

**Generic formula**

=MID(A1,FIND("*",SUBSTITUTE(A1,"\","*",LEN(A1)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(A1,"\",""))))+1,LEN(A1))

**Arguments**

**A1**: Represents the cell containing the file path you will extract the filename from it.

**How to use this formula?**

1. Select a blank cell to output the filename. In this case, I select the cell D3.

2. Enter the below formula into it and press the **Enter** key. Select the result cell, and then drag its Fill Handle all the way down to apply it to other cells.

**=MID(B3,FIND("*",SUBSTITUTE(B3,"\","*",LEN(B3)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B3,"\",""))))+1,LEN(B3))**

Now all filenames with extensions in specific file paths are extracted as the above screenshot shown.

**Notes**:

- In this formula, B3 is the cell containing the file path. Please change it as you need.
- If the filename is no more than 99 characters long, the below shorter formula can also be used to solve the problem. See the below screenshot shown.

**=TRIM(RIGHT(SUBSTITUTE(A2,"\",REPT(" ",100)),99))**

**How this formula works?**

**=MID(B3,FIND("*",SUBSTITUTE(B3,"\","*",LEN(B3)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B3,"\",""))))+1,LEN(B3))**

1. **FIND("*",SUBSTITUTE(B3,"\","*",LEN(B3)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B3,"\",""))))**

**LEN(B3)**: The LEN function calculates the total length in "D:\\files\work\Q1\Jan\text.txt" and returns the result as 30;**LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B3,"\",""))**: The SUBSTITUTE function replaces the character "\" with nothing. The result is "D:filesworkQ1Jantext.txt". And then the LEN function calculates the total length of "D:filesworkQ1Jantext.txt" and get the result 24;**SUBSTITUTE(B3,"\","*",30-24)**: The SUBSTITUTE function replace the third character (30-24=6) "\" in "D:\\files\work\Q1\Jan\text.txt" with a single character "*". Here the result is "D:\\files\work\Q1\Jan*text.txt";**FIND("*","D:\\files\work\Q1\Jan*text.txt")**: The FIND function locates the position of character "*" in "D:\\files\work\Q1\Jan*text.txt" and finally returns 22. Here means that the character "*" is in the 22th position in "D:\\files\work\Q1\Jan*text.txt".

2. **=MID(B3,22+1,LEN(B3))**

- As the above explanation shown, LEN(B3) returns the result as 30, here the MID function can be shown as =MID("D:\\files\work\Q1\Jan\text.txt",23,30). It means that the MID function extracts 30 characters from the string "D:\\files\work\Q1\Jan\text.txt", starting at the 23rd character. Here the result is text.txt.

#### Extract filename without extension from a path

Another circumstance, you may just need to extract the filename without extension from a path as the below screenshot shown. This section will provide a long formula to help you get it down.

**Generic formula**

=IFERROR(MID(A1,FIND(CHAR(1),SUBSTITUTE(A1,"\",CHAR(1),LEN(A1)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(A1,"\",""))))+1,FIND(CHAR(1),SUBSTITUTE(A1,".",CHAR(1),LEN(A1)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(A1,".",""))))-FIND(CHAR(1),SUBSTITUTE(A1,"\",CHAR(1),LEN(A1)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(A1,"\",""))))-1),"")

**Arguments**

**A1**: Represents the cell containing the file path you will extract the filename from it.

**CHAR(1)**: The CHAR(1) here can be replaced with any CHAR number as you need. Or it can be replaced with a specific symbol enclosed in quotation marks such as "*".

**How to use this formula?**

1. Select a blank cell to output the filename without the extension.

2. Enter the below formula into it and press the **Enter** key. Select the result cell, and then drag its Fill Handle all the way down to apply it to other cells.

**=IFERROR(MID(B4,FIND(CHAR(1),SUBSTITUTE(B4,"\",CHAR(1),LEN(B4)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B4,"\",""))))+1,FIND(CHAR(1),SUBSTITUTE(B4,".",CHAR(1),LEN(B4)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B4,".",""))))-FIND(CHAR(1),SUBSTITUTE(B4,"\",CHAR(1),LEN(B4)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B4,"\",""))))-1),"")**

**Note**: In this formula, B3 is the cell containing the file path. Please change it as you need.

#### Related functions

**Excel MID function**

The Excel MID function is used to find and return a specific number of characters from the middle of given text string.

**Excel FIND function**

The Excel FIND function is used to find a string within another string, and returns the starting position of the string inside another one.

**Excel SUBSTITUTE function**

The Excel SUBSTITUTE function replaces text or characters within a text string with another text or characters.

**Excel LEN function**

The Excel LEN function returns the number of characters in a text string.

**Excel IFERROR function**

The IFERROR function is used to return a custom result when a formula evaluates an error, and return a normal result when no error is occurred.

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