## Excel CONVERT function

The CONVERT function converts a given number from one measurement system to another.

#### Syntax

CONVERT(number, from_unit, to_unit)

#### Arguments

• Number (required): It is the value to be converted.
• From_unit (required): The original unit for “number”.
• To_unit (optional): The unit to convert the “number” to.
In Excel, there are numbers of measurement units. Tables below show the units for each category that can be applied to the “from_unit” and “to_unit” arguments of the CONVERT function. Go to know more....

#### Remarks

1. The #N/A error occurs when any of the following conditions is met:
-- “From_unit” and “To_unit” are incompatible (not in the same measurement system group).
-- Either of the units is not recognized.
2. The #VALUE! error occurs if the supplied “number” argument is nonnumeric.
3. This function is case-sensitive.

#### Return value

It returns a complex number as text.

#### Example

Supposing numbers in the table below are showed in meters, to convert them to yards, you can apply the CONVERT function to get it done.

Select a cell (says D6 in this case), enter the formula below and press the Enter key to convert the first meter to yard. Select this result cell and then drag its AutoFill Handle down to get other results.

=CONVERT(B6,"m","yd")

Notes:

1) For the “from_unit” and “to_unit” paraments, you need to use the abbreviations of the measurement names instead of using the full names. Click to know the measurements names and their corresponding abbreviations.

For example, if you apply the formula below, it will return an error value of #N/A.

=CONVERT(B6,"meter","yard")

2) The text abbreviations for the “from_unit” and “to_unit” arguments are case sensitive.

3) You can convert between different units by changing the “from_unit” and “to_unit” paraments in the formula.

#### Units of Measurement in Excel

Note: In the following tables, some unit types were first introduced in Excel 2013 and are not available in earlier versions of Excel.

Weight and Mass

 Weight and mass From_unit or to_unit Gram "g" Slug "sg" Pound mass (avoirdupois) "lbm" U (atomic mass unit) "u" Ounce mass (avoirdupois) "ozm" Grain "grain" U.S. (short) hundredweight "cwt" or "shweight" Imperial hundredweight "uk_cwt" or "lcwt" ("hweight") Stone "stone" Ton "ton" Imperial ton "uk_ton" or "LTON" ("brton")

Distance

 Distance From_unit or to_unit Meter "m" Statute mile "mi" Nautical mile "Nmi" Inch "in" Foot "ft" Yard "yd" Angstrom "ang" Ell "ell" Light-year "ly" Parsec "parsec" or "pc" Pica (1/72 inch) "Picapt" or "Pica" Pica (1/6 inch) "pica" U.S survey mile (statute mile) "survey_mi"

Time

 Time From_unit or to_unit Year "yr" Statute mile "mi" Day "day" or "d" Hour "hr" Minute "mn" or "min" Second "sec" or "s"

Pressure

 Pressure From_unit or to_unit Pascal "Pa" (or "p") Atmosphere "atm" (or "at") mm of Mercury "mmHg" PSI "psi" Torr "Torr"

Force

 Force From_unit or to_unit Newton "N" Dyne "dyn" (or "dy") Pound force "lbf" Pond "pond"

Energy

 Energy From_unit or to_unit Joule "j" Erg "e" Thermodynamic calorie "c" IT calorie "cal" Electron volt "eV" (or "ev") Horsepower-hour "HPh" (or "hh") Watt-hour "Wh" (or "wh") Foot-pound "flb" BTU "BTU" (or "btu")

Power

 Power From_unit or to_unit Horsepower c Pferdestärke "PS" Watt "W" (or "w")

Magnetism

 Magnetism From_unit or to_unit Tesla "T" Gauss "ga"

Temperature

 Temperature From_unit or to_unit Degree Celsius "C" (or "cel") Degree Fahrenheit "F" (or "fah") Kelvin "K" (or "kel") Degrees Rankine "Rank" Degrees Réaumur "Reau"

Volume

 Volume From_unit or to_unit Cubic angstrom "ang3" or "ang^3" U.S. oil barrel "barrel" U.S. bushel "bushel" Cubic feet "ft3" or "ft^3" Cubic inch "in3" or "in^3" Cubic light-year "ly3" or "ly^3" Cubic meter "m3" or "m^3" Cubic Mile "mi3" or "mi^3" Cubic yard "yd3" or "yd^3" Cubic nautical mile "Nmi3" or "Nmi^3" Cubic Pica "Picapt3", "Picapt^3", "Pica3" or "Pica^3" Gross Registered Ton "GRT" ("regton") Measurement ton (freight ton) "MTON"

Liquid measure

 Liquid measure From_unit or to_unit Teaspoon "tsp" Modern teaspoon "tspm" Tablespoon "tbs" Fluid ounce "oz" Cup "cup" U.S. pint "pt" (or "us_pt") U.K. pint "uk_pt" Quart "qt" Imperial quart (U.K.) "uk_qt" Gallon "gal" Imperial gallon (U.K.) "uk_gal" Liter "l" or "L" ("lt")

Area

 Area From_unit or to_unit International acre "uk_acre" U.S. survey/statute acre "us_acre" Square angstrom "ang2" or “ang^2" Are "ar" Square feet "ft2" or "ft^2" Hectare "ha" Square inches "in2" or "in^2" Square light-year "ly2" or "ly^2" Square meters "m2" or "m^2" Morgen "Morgen" Square miles "mi2" or "mi^2" Square nautical miles "Nmi2" or "Nmi^2" Square Pica "Picapt2", "Pica2", "Pica^2" or "Picapt^2" Square yards "yd2" or "yd^2"

Information

 Information From_unit or to_unit Bit "bit" Byte "byte"

Speed

 Speed From_unit or to_unit Admiralty knot "admkn" Knot "kn" Meters per hour "m/h" or "m/hr" Meters per second "m/s" or "m/sec" Miles per hour "mph"

Metric prefixes

The prefixes shown in the table below can be used with metric units by prepending the abbreviation to the unit.

 Prefix Multiplier Abbreviation yotta 1E+24 "Y" zetta 1E+21 "Z" exa 1E+18 "E" peta 1E+15 "P" tera 1E+12 "T" giga 1000000000 "G" mega 1000000 "M" kilo 1000 "k" hecto 100 "h" dekao 10 "da" or "e" deci 0.1 "d" centi 0.01 "c" milli 0.001 "m" micro 0.000001 "u" nano 0.000000001 "n" pico 1E-12 "p" femto 1E-15 "f" atto 1E-18 "a" zepto 1E-21 "z" yocto 1E-24 "y"

Binary prefixes

The binary unit prefixes below can be used with "bits" and "bytes".

 Binary Prefix Value Abbreviation Decimal yobi 2^80 "Yi" yotta zebi 2^70 "Zi" zetta exbi 2^60 "Ei" exa pebi 2^50 "Pi" peta tebi 2^40 "Ti" tera gibi 2^30 "Gi" giga mebi 2^20 "Mi" mega kibi 2^10 "ki" kilo

#### Related Functions

Excel BIN2DEC Function
The BIN2DEC function converts a binary number to a decimal number.

Excel BIN2HEX Function
The BIN2HEX function converts a binary number to a hexadecimal number.

Excel BIN2OCT Function
The BIN2OCT function converts a binary number to an octal number.

Excel DEC2BIN Function
The DEC2BIN function converts a decimal number to a binary number.

Excel DEC2HEX Function
The DEC2HEX function converts a decimal number to a hexadecimal number.

Excel DEC2OCT Function
The DEC2OCT function converts a decimal number to an octal number.

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