Skip to main content

Excel EXPAND function (365)

Author: Sun Last Modified: 2022-09-22

doc dec2oct 1


The Excel EXPAND function expands or pads an array to a specified number of rows and columns dimensions based on the given rows and columns arguments.

Formula syntax



  • array: required, the array or the range that you want to expand.
  • rows: required but can be empty, integer number, the number of rows that the array needs to expand. If missing, the array returns the number of its rows.
  • columns: optional, integer number, the number of columns that the array needs to expand. If missing, the array returns the number of its columns.
  • pad_with: optional, the value with which to pad. Default is #N/A.


The EXPAND function returns an expanded array.


  • If the number of rows or columns argument is less than the number of rows or columns of the array, the EXPAND function returns #VALUE! error value.
  • If the array is too large, EXPAND function returns #NUM! error value.


  • If rows argument is not provided or empty, the default value is the number of rows of the array.
  • If columns argument is not provided or empty, the default value is the number of columns of the array.
  • If the pad_with value is a text, you need to use the text rounded with double quotations in the formula, like “text”, if the pad_with value is a numeric value, directly use it.


The EXPAND function is only available in Windows: 2203 (build 15104) and Mac:16.60 (220304).

Usage and Examples

To expand the array in range A1:C5 to 5 rows and 4 columns, please select a cell and use the formula as this:/p>


Press Enter key.
doc dec2oct 1

If you want to expand the array and pad with a specified text such as “blank”, please use the formula as this:

doc dec2oct 1

Other Functions:

  • Excel DROP Function
    The Excel DROP function returns the specific rows or columns from an array based on the given number, which is usually used to get the contents of a table except for the header and footer.

  • Excel LOOKUP Function
    LOOKUP function finds certain value in a one column or one row range, and return the corresponding value from another (one row or one column) range.

The Best Office Productivity Tools

Kutools for Excel - Helps You To Stand Out From Crowd

🤖 Kutools AI Aide: Revolutionize data analysis based on: Intelligent Execution   |  Generate Code  |  Create Custom Formulas  |  Analyze Data and Generate Charts  |  Invoke Kutools Functions
Popular Features: Find, Highlight or Identify Duplicates  |  Delete Blank Rows  |  Combine Columns or Cells without Losing Data  |  Round without Formula ...
Super VLookup: Multiple Criteria  |  Multiple Value  |  Across Multi-Sheets  |  Fuzzy Lookup...
Adv. Drop-down List: Easy Drop Down List  |  Dependent Drop Down List  |  Multi-select Drop Down List...
Column Manager: Add a Specific Number of Columns  |  Move Columns  |  Toggle Visibility Status of Hidden Columns  Compare Columns to Select Same & Different Cells ...
Featured Features: Grid Focus  |  Design View  |  Big Formula Bar  |  Workbook & Sheet Manager | Resource Library (Auto Text)  |  Date Picker  |  Combine Worksheets  |  Encrypt/Decrypt Cells  |  Send Emails by List  |  Super Filter  |  Special Filter (filter bold/italic/strikethrough...) ...
Top 15 Toolsets12 Text Tools (Add Text, Remove Characters ...)  |  50+ Chart Types (Gantt Chart ...)  |  40+ Practical Formulas (Calculate age based on birthday ...)  |  19 Insertion Tools (Insert QR Code, Insert Picture from Path ...)  |  12 Conversion Tools (Numbers to Words, Currency Conversion ...)  |  7 Merge & Split Tools (Advanced Combine Rows, Split Excel Cells ...)  |  ... and more

Kutools for Excel Boasts Over 300 Features, Ensuring That What You Need is Just A Click Away...


Office Tab - Enable Tabbed Reading and Editing in Microsoft Office (include Excel)

  • One second to switch between dozens of open documents!
  • Reduce hundreds of mouse clicks for you every day, say goodbye to mouse hand.
  • Increases your productivity by 50% when viewing and editing multiple documents.
  • Brings Efficient Tabs to Office (include Excel), Just Like Chrome, Edge and Firefox.


Comments (0)
No ratings yet. Be the first to rate!
There are no comments posted here yet
Please leave your comments in English
Posting as Guest
Rate this post:
0   Characters
Suggested Locations