Skip to main content

Excel ROMAN Function

doc workday.intl function 1

If you want to follow along with this tutorial, please download the example spreadsheet.

doc workday.intl function 1


The Excel ROMAN function converts an Arabic number to a Roman numeral as text.

Syntax and arguments

Formula syntax

ROMAN(number, [form])


  • Number: Required, the Arabic integer number used to be converted to a Roman number.
  • Form: Optional, he conversion type used in the function. If it is omitted, the function assumes it as 0, which means classic type, no abbreviated Roman numbers. If it is supplied, it must be one of below values:
  •  Value Type 
     0 (zero) or omitted  Classic form 
     1  More concise 
     2  More concise
     3  More concise
     4  Simplified form 
     TRUE   Classic form
     FALSE   Simplified form

Return Value

The ROMAN function returns to a Roman numeral as text.


#NAME? error value occurs when argument number is non numeric value.

#VALUE! error value occurs when

--Argument number > 3999, or < 0

--Argument form is not the one of values 0,1,2,3,4,TRUE or FALSE.


The ROMAN function truncated decimal number to integer number, for example, ROMAN(1.6)=I.


Excel 2003

Usage and Examples

Example: basic usage

The Arabic number is in B4, to convert it to Roman number in different forms in cell D4:D8, please enter formula as this:

=ROMAN($B$4,D4)//or directly use the number and form into the function =ROMAN(1999,0)

Press Enter key to get the result, then drag autofill handle down cells to get Roman numbers in other forms.

doc workday.intl function 1

Relative Functions:

  • Excel FLOOR Function
    The FLOOR function rounds a given number down to the nearest multiple of the specified significance.

  • Excel FLOOR.MATH Function
    The Excel FLOOR.MATH function rounds a given number down to the nearest integer or nearest multiple of the specified significance.

The Best Office Productivity Tools

Kutools for Excel - Helps You To Stand Out From Crowd

🤖 Kutools AI Aide: Revolutionize data analysis based on: Intelligent Execution   |  Generate Code  |  Create Custom Formulas  |  Analyze Data and Generate Charts  |  Invoke Kutools Functions
Popular Features: Find, Highlight or Identify Duplicates  |  Delete Blank Rows  |  Combine Columns or Cells without Losing Data  |  Round without Formula ...
Super VLookup: Multiple Criteria  |  Multiple Value  |  Across Multi-Sheets  |  Fuzzy Lookup...
Adv. Drop-down List: Easy Drop Down List  |  Dependent Drop Down List  |  Multi-select Drop Down List...
Column Manager: Add a Specific Number of Columns  |  Move Columns  |  Toggle Visibility Status of Hidden Columns  Compare Columns to Select Same & Different Cells ...
Featured Features: Grid Focus  |  Design View  |  Big Formula Bar  |  Workbook & Sheet Manager | Resource Library (Auto Text)  |  Date Picker  |  Combine Worksheets  |  Encrypt/Decrypt Cells  |  Send Emails by List  |  Super Filter  |  Special Filter (filter bold/italic/strikethrough...) ...
Top 15 Toolsets12 Text Tools (Add Text, Remove Characters ...)  |  50+ Chart Types (Gantt Chart ...)  |  40+ Practical Formulas (Calculate age based on birthday ...)  |  19 Insertion Tools (Insert QR Code, Insert Picture from Path ...)  |  12 Conversion Tools (Numbers to Words, Currency Conversion ...)  |  7 Merge & Split Tools (Advanced Combine Rows, Split Excel Cells ...)  |  ... and more

Kutools for Excel Boasts Over 300 Features, Ensuring That What You Need is Just A Click Away...


Office Tab - Enable Tabbed Reading and Editing in Microsoft Office (include Excel)

  • One second to switch between dozens of open documents!
  • Reduce hundreds of mouse clicks for you every day, say goodbye to mouse hand.
  • Increases your productivity by 50% when viewing and editing multiple documents.
  • Brings Efficient Tabs to Office (include Excel), Just Like Chrome, Edge and Firefox.
Comments (1)
No ratings yet. Be the first to rate!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
The form parameter is just weird. My findings are:
1 - uses VL for 45, VC for 95, LD for 450, LM for 950
2 - also uses IL for 49, IC for 99, XD for 490, XM for 990
3 - also uses VD for 495, VM for 995
4 - also uses ID for 499, IM for 999

All of these are nonstandard. Why the function's been designed this way is anyone's guess.
There are no comments posted here yet
Please leave your comments in English
Posting as Guest
Rate this post:
0   Characters
Suggested Locations