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Excel RANDBETWEEN Function

Author: Sun Last Modified: 2022-03-11

doc workday.intl function 1

If you want to follow along with this tutorial, please download the example spreadsheet.

doc workday.intl function 1


The Excel RANDBETWEEN function returns a random integer number between two given numbers. The result includes the two given numbers. Every time RANDBETWEEN function returns a new random number when the worksheet is changed or opened.

Syntax and arguments

Formula syntax

RANDBETWEEN(bottom, top)


  • Bottom: Required, the smallest integer number in the range of two values.
  • Top: Requied, the largest integer number in the range of two values.

Return Value

The RANDBETWEEN function returns to an integer number.


#NUM! error value occurs when argument bottom > top.

#VALUE! error value occurs when any arguments in the function are non-numeric.


1. The RANDBETWEEN function calculates a new result when the worksheet is changed, if you want to stop the result changing, copy and paste the result as a value only to convert it to a static result.

2. If you want to use the random number which is returned by RANDBTWEEN function into other formulas, to stop the result changed by pressing Enter key, you can use F9 key first and then press Enter key to get the result, it will change the formula result to a static value.

3. RANDBETWEEN function returns an integer >= bottom, and <=top.


Excel 2003

Usage and Examples

Example1: basic usage

To get a random integer number between two values, supposing between 1 and 100, please select a cell and type the formula:


Press Enter key to get the random number.

doc workday.intl function 1

Example 2: get random integer numbers in a selected ranges

If you want to get random numbers in a selected range at once time, please select a range, and type the RANDBETWEEN function in Formula Bar, then hold Ctrl and press Enter key.

doc workday.intl function 1

doc workday.intl function 1

Relative Functions:

  • Excel FACTDOUBLE Function
    The FACTDOUBLE function returns the double factorial of a given number. For example, FACTDOUBLE(5)=15, equivalent 5 x 3 x 1.

  • Excel FLOOR Function
    The FLOOR function rounds a given number down to the nearest multiple of the specified significance.

  • Excel FLOOR.MATH Function
    The Excel FLOOR.MATH function rounds a given number down to the nearest integer or nearest multiple of the specified significance.

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