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Excel DMIN Function

The Excel DMIN function returns the smallest number in a field of records in a list or database that matches the specific criteria.

dmin function 1


Syntax

=DMIN(database, field, criteria)


Arguments

  • database (required): The range of cells that makes up the database. The first row of the database should be the column headers.
  • field (required): The column you will retrieve the smallest number from. It can be entered as a column label or index number:
    • Column label: The column label (column header) needs to be entered between double quotation marks, such as “quantity”.
    • Index number: The number that represents the position of the column in the database, from which you will return the smallest number. For example, 1 indicates the first column, 2 indicates the second column, and so on.
  • criteria (required): The range of cells that contains the criteria. The first row of this criteria range should be the column headers.

Return Value

The DMIN function returns a numeric value.


Function Notes

  • You can replace the snippet “total” in the formula with the relative index number 5 since the Total column is the 5th column in the database: =DMIN(B3:F14,5,H3:J5).
  • You can use any range for the criteria argument, but it must include at least one column header and at least one cell value below the column header for specifying the condition.
  • In case you need to add new information to the database in the future, do not place the criteria range below it. Since Excel cannot add the new information if the rows below the database are not blank.
  • The headers of database and criteria ranges must match with each other.
  • The function is not case-sensitive. To make the formula case-sensitive, you can add the EXACT function with the help of MATCH: =DMIN(B3:F14,MATCH(TRUE,EXACT("Total",B3:F3),0),H3:J5).
  • The result of the formula is a numeric value. To add a currency symbol to it, please apply the Format Cells feature.

Example

As the picture shown below, to get the lowest total price that meets the two sets of criteria: Item=Washer, Store=B; Item=TV, Store=C, Quantity>25, please copy or enter the formula below in a blank cell, and press Enter to get the result:

=DMIN(B3:F14,"total",H3:J5)

dmin function 2


Related functions

Excel DAVERAGE Function

The Excel DAEVARAGE function returns the average of values in a field of records in a list or database that match the specific criteria.

Excel DGET Function

The Excel DGET function returns a single value in a field of records in a list or database that matches the specific criteria.

Excel DMAX Function

The Excel DMAX function returns the largest number in a field of records in a list or database that matches the specific criteria.

Excel DPRODUCT Function

The Excel DPRODUCT function multiplies the values in a field of records in a list or database that match the specific criteria.

Excel DSUM Function

The Excel DSUM function returns the sum of values in a field of records in a list or database that match the specific criteria.


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