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How to list or generate all possible combinations in Excel?

Let’s say, I have the following two columns of data, and now, I want to generate a list of all possible combinations based on the two lists of values as left screenshot shown. Maybe, you can list all the combinations one by one if there are few values, but, if there are several columns with multiple values needed to be listed the possible combinations, here are some quick tricks may help you to deal with this problem in Excel.

List or generate all possible combinations from two lists with formula

List or generate all possible combinations from three or more lists with VBA code

List or generate all possible combinations from multiple lists with a powerful feature


List or generate all possible combinations from two lists with formula

The following long formula can help you to list all possible combinations of two lists values quickly, please do as follows:

1. Enter or copy the below formula into a blank cell, in this case, I will enter it to cell D2, and then press Enter key to get the result, see screenshot:

=IF(ROW()-ROW($D$2)+1>COUNTA($A$2:$A$5)*COUNTA($B$2:$B$4),"",INDEX($A$2:$A$5,INT((ROW()-ROW($D$2))/COUNTA($B$2:$B$4)+1))&"-"&INDEX($B$2:$B$4,MOD(ROW()-ROW($D$2),COUNTA($B$2:$B$4))+1))

Note: In the above formula, $A$2:$A$5 is the range of the first column values, and $B$2:$B$4 is the range of the second list values which you want to list all their possible combinations, the $D$2 is the cell that you put the formula, you can change the cell references to your need.

2. Then select cell D2 and drag the fill handle down to the cells until get the blank cells, and all the possible combinations have been listed based on the two lists values. See screenshot:


List or generate all possible combinations from three or more lists with VBA code

Maybe the above formula is somewhat difficult for you to apply, if there are multiple columns data, it will be troublesome for modifying. Here, I will introduce a VBA code to deal with it quickly.

1. Hold down the ALT + F11 keys to open the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window.

2. Click Insert > Module, and paste the following code in the Module Window.

VBA code: Generate all combinations of 3 or multiple columns

Sub ListAllCombinations()
'Updateby Extendoffice
Dim xDRg1, xDRg2, xDRg3 As Range
Dim xRg  As Range
Dim xStr As String
Dim xFN1, xFN2, xFN3 As Integer
Dim xSV1, xSV2, xSV3 As String
Set xDRg1 = Range("A2:A5")  'First column data
Set xDRg2 = Range("B2:B4")  'Second column data
Set xDRg3 = Range("C2:C4")  'Third column data
xStr = "-"   'Separator
Set xRg = Range("E2")  'Output cell
For xFN1 = 1 To xDRg1.Count
    xSV1 = xDRg1.Item(xFN1).Text
    For xFN2 = 1 To xDRg2.Count
        xSV2 = xDRg2.Item(xFN2).Text
      For xFN3 = 1 To xDRg3.Count
        xSV3 = xDRg3.Item(xFN3).Text
        xRg.Value = xSV1 & xStr & xSV2 & xStr & xSV3
        Set xRg = xRg.Offset(1, 0)
       Next
    Next
Next
End Sub
Note: In the above code, A2:A5, B2:B4, C2:C4 are the data range that you want to use, E2 is the output cell that you want to locate the results. If you want to get all combinations of more columns, please change and add other parameters to the code as your need.

3. Then, press F5 key to run this code, and all combinations of the 3 columns will be generated at once, see screenshot:


List or generate all possible combinations from multiple lists with a powerful feature

If there are multiple lists values need to be listed the possible combinations, maybe it is difficult for you to modify the code. Here, I can recommend a powerful tool -- Kutools for Excel, it contains a handy feature List All Combinations which can quickly list all the possible combinations based on given data lists.

Tips:To apply this List All Combinations feature, firstly, you should download the Kutools for Excel, and then apply the feature quickly and easily.

After installing Kutools for Excel, please do as this:

1. Click Kutools > Insert > List All Combinations, see screenshot:

2. In the List All Combinations dialog box, do the operations as below demo shown:

3. Then all the specified values and separators have been listed into the dialog box, see screenshot:

4.And then click Ok button, and a prompt box will pop out to remind you select a cell to output the result, see screenshot:

5. Click OK, all of the possible combinations based on the given lists have been generated into the worksheet as following screenshot shown:

Click to Download Kutools for Excel Now !


More relative articles:

  • Generate All Combinations Of 3 Or Multiple Columns
  • Supposing, I have 3 columns of data, now, I want to generate or list all combinations of the data in these 3 columns as below screenshot shown. Do you have any good methods for solving this task in Excel?
  • Find All Combinations That Equal A Given Sum
  • For example, I have the following list of numbers, and now, I want to know which combination of numbers in the list sum up to 480, in the following screenshot shown, you can see there are five groups of possible combinations that add up equal to 480, such as 300+60+120, 300+60+40+80, etc. This article, I will talk about some methods to find which cells sum up to a specific value in Excel.
  • Generate Or List All Possible Permutations
  • For example, I have three characters XYZ, now, I want to list all possible permutations based on these three characters to get six different results as this: XYZ, XZY, YXZ, YZX, ZXY and ZYX. In Excel, how could you quickly generate or list all permutations based on different number of characters?
  • Generate A List Of All Possible 4 Digits Combinations
  • In some cases, we may need to generate a list of all possible 4 digits combinations of number 0 to 9, which means to generate a list of 0000, 0001, 0002…9999. To quickly solve the list task in Excel, I introduce some tricks for you.

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  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    robertsu · 1 months ago
    How to remove the repetition if I have color 1, color 2, color 3 in different orders(i.e. color2, color 3, color 1) but they are the same for my need? tks!
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Juan Tomás · 1 years ago
    Excelentes soluciones, muchas gracias, lo logré con Kutools
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    RAFFAELE · 1 years ago
    NON FUNZIONA. HO SEGUITO GLI STESSI PASSAGGI MA MI DICE CHE C'E' UN ERRORE
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Guy · 1 years ago
    Is there a way to output this as a txt file? When you have millions of results in the D column it's not exactly practical to drag the fill handle.
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    JJ · 2 years ago
    Almost very handy. Would be good if it actually used whatever is in the cell ($A$1)and not convert the cell to text. Then I could just paste what I need in A1 and run it again without having to change anything.
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    pocholoclub@gmail.com · 2 years ago
    I used the extions and works fantastic,, but now i have a problem, i need to calculate the sum,, but the result is a text,, i enter a separator that is the simbol +, but finally i have a text and is impossible to convert in a operation.
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    sergio · 2 years ago
    Hello, and if these combinations intead text are number,, how can i made the calculation for the results???? i try to add the "+" but excel dont know that is the simbol.. how you solve this?
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    ricardo · 2 years ago
    Hola me arroja una referencia circula la formula
    =SI(FILA()-FILA($D$1)+1>(CONTARA($A$1:$A$4)*CONTARA($B$1:$B$3));"";INDICE($A$1:$A$4;RESIDUO((FILA()-FILA($D$1));COUNTA($B$1:$B$3)+1))
    &INDICE($B$1:$B$3;RESIDUO(FILA()-FILA($D$1);CONTARA($B$1:$B$3))+1))
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    anirbank · 3 years ago
    Why my formula did not work to create 25 combinations in Column E (5 elements from Col A * 5 elements from Col B) ? Whereas the formula in this article worked in Column D when I dragged it for 25 cells? Screenshot - https://prnt.sc/ihwr18
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    skyyang · 3 years ago
    @Marco Hello, Marco,
    The Kutools can help you to solve your problem quickly,please check the following screenshot:
    Please try it, hope it can help you, thank you!
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    skyyang · 3 years ago
    @acomuna Hi, Arthur,
    Sorry, the Kutools can not help you to solve this job as you said.
    Thank your for your comment.
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Mihai · 3 years ago
    Hi,
    I want to know what to do if I want to generate more than 1,4 million combination and I exceede the Excel rows limit?
    Is there a way of puting Kudos to continue its iteration on the next column?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Marco · 3 years ago
    Has anyone figured out a formula yet to do this for 5 sets of data? I've been stumped on this so far.
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    Mary · 3 years ago
    @Eoin You can add a space by adding " "& before you index column B, right after the existing &, like so.....

    =IF(ROW()-ROW($D$1)+1>COUNTA($A$1:$A$4)*COUNTA($B$1:$B$3),"",INDEX($A$1:$A$4,INT((ROW()-ROW($D$1))/COUNTA($B$1:$B$3)+1))&" "&INDEX($B$1:$B$3,MOD(ROW()-ROW($D$1),COUNTA($B$1:$B$3))+1))


    ....or any other delimiter you like!
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    acomuna · 3 years ago
    Is KuTools able to sort cells in a row in a "simple combination" fashion?
    I mean, if I have these data:
    _________________________
    John Jack Paul Macy

    Mark Larry

    Jerry Paul Mary

    Sam Jeff Peter Lucas
    _________________________



    And I want to output them like this:
    ___________
    John Jack

    John Paul

    John Macy

    Jack Paul

    Jack Macy

    Paul Macy

    Mark Larry

    Jerry Paul

    Jerry Marry

    Paul Mary

    Sam Jeff

    Sam Peter

    Sam Lucas

    Jeff Peter

    Jeff Lucas

    Peter Lucas
    ____________


    How can I do this? Can KuTools do sth like this?

    Thanks!
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    skyyang · 3 years ago
    @Eoin Hello, Eoin,
    the formula in this article can not help you to add a space between the cell values, but, you can apply the Kutools for Excel, with it, you can type any delimiter as you want to separate the combined result, see screenshot:
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Eoin · 3 years ago
    Any idea how to add a space inbetween ?
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    JiffyLimbo · 3 years ago
    @JiffyLimbo this doesn't work :( more complicated than this
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    JiffyLimbo · 3 years ago
    @JiffyLimbo this doesnt work :( more complicated than this
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    JiffyLimbo · 3 years ago
    For more columns:
    The first part of the formulate needs to be modified to multiply all the possibilities, for example this would be for 6 columns:

    COUNTA($A$2:$A$9)*COUNTA($B$2:$B$9)*COUNTA($C$2:$C$9)*COUNTA($D$2:$D$9)*COUNTA($E$2:$E$9)*COUNTA($F$2:$F$9)
    so you are adding
    *COUNTA(YourRangeHere)
    for each column

    The second part of the formula needs to be modified for each column as well like so:

    INDEX($A$2:$A$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($A$2:$A$9))+1)&INDEX($B$2:$B$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($B$2:$B$9))+1)&INDEX($C$2:$C$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($C$2:$C$9))+1)&INDEX($D$2:$D$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($D$2:$D$9))+1)&INDEX($E$2:$E$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($E$2:$E$9))+1)&INDEX($F$2:$F$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($F$2:$F$9))+1)

    so you are adding

    &INDEX(YourRangeHere,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA(YourRangeHere))+1)

    So put them all together and you get this example for 6 columns:

    =IF(ROW()-ROW($I$2)+1>COUNTA($A$2:$A$9)*COUNTA($B$2:$B$9)*COUNTA($C$2:$C$9)*COUNTA($D$2:$D$9)*COUNTA($E$2:$E$9)*COUNTA($F$2:$F$9),"",INDEX($A$2:$A$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($A$2:$A$9))+1)&INDEX($B$2:$B$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($B$2:$B$9))+1)&INDEX($C$2:$C$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($C$2:$C$9))+1)&INDEX($D$2:$D$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($D$2:$D$9))+1)&INDEX($E$2:$E$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($E$2:$E$9))+1)&INDEX($F$2:$F$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($F$2:$F$9))+1))

    Where you would paste this formula into $I$2 and it would be looking at $A$2:$A$9 $B$2:$B$9 $C$2:$C$9 ... up to $F$2:$F$9
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    JiffyLimbo · 3 years ago
    For more columns:
    The first part of the formulate needs to be modified to multiply all the possibilities, for example this would be for 6 columns
    COUNTA($A$2:$A$9)*COUNTA($B$2:$B$9)*COUNTA($C$2:$C$9)*COUNTA($D$2:$D$9)*COUNTA($E$2:$E$9)*COUNTA($F$2:$F$9)
    so you are adding
    *COUNTA(YourRangeHere)
    for each column
    The second part of the formula needs to be modified for each column as well like so:
    INDEX($A$2:$A$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($A$2:$A$9))+1)&INDEX($B$2:$B$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($B$2:$B$9))+1)&INDEX($C$2:$C$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($C$2:$C$9))+1)&INDEX($D$2:$D$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($D$2:$D$9))+1)&INDEX($E$2:$E$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($E$2:$E$9))+1)&INDEX($F$2:$F$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($F$2:$F$9))+1)
    so you are adding
    &INDEX(YourRangeHere,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA(YourRangeHere))+1)

    So put them all together and you get this example for 6 columns:

    =IF(ROW()-ROW($I$2)+1>COUNTA($A$2:$A$9)*COUNTA($B$2:$B$9)*COUNTA($C$2:$C$9)*COUNTA($D$2:$D$9)*COUNTA($E$2:$E$9)*COUNTA($F$2:$F$9),"",INDEX($A$2:$A$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($A$2:$A$9))+1)&INDEX($B$2:$B$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($B$2:$B$9))+1)&INDEX($C$2:$C$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($C$2:$C$9))+1)&INDEX($D$2:$D$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($D$2:$D$9))+1)&INDEX($E$2:$E$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($E$2:$E$9))+1)&INDEX($F$2:$F$9,MOD(ROW()-ROW($I$2),COUNTA($F$2:$F$9))+1))

    Where you would paste this formula into $I$2 and it would be looking at $A$2:$A$9 $B$2:$B$9 $C$2:$C$9 ... up to $F$2:$F$9
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    shey · 3 years ago
    @Javier looking for the same thing. anyone know?
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    Javier · 4 years ago
    anyone know how to modify this to reflect 6 columns of data?
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Javier · 4 years ago
    anyone know how to modify this to reflect 6 columns of data, rather than just two?
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    NB · 4 years ago
    How could you use KuTools, or even a formula, if you wanted all the permutations of the Month header. Jan, Jan and Feb, Jan and Mar, Jan and Mar, Jan and Feb and Mar, etc etc
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    jitu · 4 years ago
    VERY HELPFUL.I am now able to generate combinations very easily.
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    Bill · 4 years ago
    @Free Have you had any luck with this yet? I'm trying to do the same thing and have all of the possible combinations next to each other in a 2 separate columns.
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Bill · 4 years ago
    @Free Have you had any luck figuring out how to do this? I'm trying to do the exact same thing and have all of my probabilities in 2 separate columns in excel.
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    Veerendra Kumar · 4 years ago
    Can I get the formula for all the combinations of a 5*5 matrix (5 rows and 5 columns ) I tried but not able to get please help me.......
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    Free · 4 years ago
    Is there a way to make this formula work where it produces the various combinations still separated in 2 separate columns, but adjacent to one another?
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    GATES · 4 years ago
    example : my list of values is 1,2,3,4,5,6......80 , i want kutool to display all combinations of a set of 2 numbers, example : 1-2 , 1-3 , 1-4 , 1-5 , ..................79-80 . is this possible with KUTOOL ?
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    Kyle · 5 years ago
    This is a brilliant formula! I have no clue how it works, but I just change the collum A and B to match how long my lists are, and have my output in D1.