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How to calculate area under a plotted curve in Excel?

Author: Kelly Last Modified: 2019-10-17

When learning the integral, you might have drawn a plotted curve, shade an area under the curve, and then calculate the area of shading section. Here, this article will introduce two solutions to calculate area under a plotted curve in Excel.


Calculate area under a plotted curve with Trapezoidal rule

For example, you have created a plotted curve as below screenshot shown. This method will split the area between the curve and x axis to multiple trapezoids, calculate the area of every trapezoid individually, and then sum up these areas.

1. The first trapezoid is between x=1 and x=2 under the curve as below screenshot shown. You can calculate its area easily with this formula:  =(C3+C4)/2*(B4-B3).

2. Then you can drag the AutoFill handle of the formula cell down to calculate areas of other trapezoids.
Note: The last trapezoid is between x=14 and x=15 under the curve. Therefore, drag the AutoFill handle to the second to last cell as below screenshot shown.   

3. Now the areas of all trapezoids are figured out. Select a blank cell, type the formula =SUM(D3:D16) to get the total area under the plotted area.

Calculate area under a plotted curve with chart trendline

This method will use the chart trendline to get an equation for the plotted curve, and then calculate area under the plotted curve with the definite integral of the equation.

1. Select the plotted chart, and click Design (or Chart Design) > Add Chart Element > Trendline > More Trendline Options. See screenshot:

2. In the Format Trendline pane:
(1) In the Trendline Options section, choose one option which is most matched with your curve;
(2) Check the Display Equation on chart option.

3. Now the equation is added into the chart. Copy the equation into your worksheet, and then get the definite integral of the equation.

In my case, the equation general by trendline is y = 0.0219x^2 + 0.7604x + 5.1736, therefore its definite integral is F(x) = (0.0219/3)x^3 + (0.7604/2)x^2 + 5.1736x + c.

4. Now we plug in the x=1 and x=15 to the definite integral, and calculate the difference between both calculations results. The difference represents the area under the plotted curve.
 

Area = F(15)-F(1)
Area =(0.0219/3)*15^3+(0.7604/2)*15^2+5.1736*15-(0.0219/3)*1^3-(0.7604/2)*1^2-5.1736*1
Area = 182.225


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Comments (9)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Danke f√ľr das Tutorial,

ich habe ein Verständnisproblem zum bestimmten Integral.
1. warum ist in der Formel das "c" und warum verschwindet es beim Einsetzen wieder?
2. wenn ich 1 und 15 in meine Formel einf√ľge, sind dies doch lediglich die Werte der X Achse. Also meine Messpunkte aber nicht meine Messwerte. Die "echten" Werte meines Diagrams sind die auf der Y-Achse und diese werden doch dann nicht ber√ľcksichtigt, oder?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Bonjour,
Pourriez-vous m'expliquer à quoi corresponds le petit "c" en fin d'équation de F(x) ?
Merci beaucoup !
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Wie kommen Sie von der Trendlinie zum bestimmten Integral?

Sie beschreiben, dass ich die Gleichung der Trendlinie in das Arbeitsblatt kopieren soll. Wie soll das funktionieren?

Kopieren Sie die Gleichung in Ihr Arbeitsblatt und erhalten Sie dann das bestimmte Integral der Gleichung.
In meinem Fall lautet die allgemeine Gleichung nach Trendlinie y = 0.0219x ^ 2 + 0.7604x + 5.1736daher ist sein bestimmtes Integral F (x) = (0.0219 / 3) x ^ 3 + (0.7604 / 2) x ^ 2 + 5.1736x + c.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Ik heb een dataplot waarbij de waardes van de X-as vari√ęren tussen negatieve en positieve waardes.
Bv -80 tot +80. Als ik daarbij deze regels volg, maak ik denk ik een fout tussen de 2 data punten op de overgang van positief naar negatief, aangezien ik som een negatieve oppervlak onder de curve uitkom, zowel met trapezium als met integraal methode.
Ik ken het kruispunt (x=0) niet altijd, dus kan de grafiek niet in 2 stukken opsplitsen.
Kunnen jullie me helpen hoe ik dit best aanpak?

Thx!
Sofie
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Thank you for explaining.. I learned the same, that I did not know before. really helps me a lot.RegardsDebashis
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
The formula for the trapezoid rule should be =((C3+C4)/2)*(B4-B3) instead of =(C3+C4)/2*(B4-B3). Otherwise you will divide C3+C4 by 2*(B4-B3), instead of multiplying (C3+C4)/2 by (B4-B3)
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Bas,
Actually the formula will be calculated just like what it's like when you do mathematical operation. It makes no difference if you add the additional brackets to (C3+C4)/2 or not. Unless you add the brackets this way: (C3+C4)/(2*(B4-B3)), then it will divide C3+C4 by 2*(B4-B3).
Anyway, thanks for your feedback. If you have any other questions, please don't hesitate to let me know. :)
Amanda
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
You are correct, my apologies. I was under the assumption that multiplication had precedence over division, as I learned in school many years ago, but apparently that rule changed almost 30 years ago and I only now became aware of that. Well, better late than never, so thank you for correcting me.
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You are welcome Bas, and I do feel happy for you gaining one more little knowledge here :)
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