Excel Formula: Calculate Years Months Days between Two Dates

doc calculate difference between time 5

In Excel, you usually calculate the difference between two dates and display the results as days, or months or years. Here this tutorial introduces a formula that displays the difference between two dates as A years B months C days, such as 3 years 2 months 1 days.

If you want to follow along with this tutorial, please download the example spreadsheet.
doc calculate difference between time 5

Generic formula:

DATEDIF(start_date,end_date,"y")&" years "&DATEDIF(start_date, end_date,"ym")&" months " &DATEDIF(start_date, end_date,"md") &" days"


Start_date, end_date: the starting date and ending date that you want to calculate the years, months and days between.


If the argument end_date is smaller than start_date, the formula returns an error value #NUM!.

How this formula work

To calculate the difference between two dates in cell B3 and C3 and show the result as years months and days, please use below formula:

=DATEDIF(B3,C3,"y")&" years "&DATEDIF(B3, C3,"ym")&" months " &DATEDIF(B3, C3,"md") &" days"

Press Enter key.
doc calculate difference between time 5

Then format the results as date format by clicking Home > Number Format drop-down menu > Short Date or Long Date.


DATEDIF function: This function returns the number of years, months, or days between two given dates.

DATEDIF(B3,C3,"y") returns the number of years between two dates.

DATEDIF(B3, C3,"ym") returns the number of months ignoring years and days between two dates.

DATEDIF(B3, C3,"md") returns the number of days ignoring years and months between two dates.

& is a connector that connects the results of each parts in the formula together.

Relative Formulas

Relative Functions

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