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Excel PERMUT Function

Author: Sun Last Modified: 2022-03-24

If you want to follow along with this tutorial, please download the example spreadsheet.


The Excel PERMUT function returns the number of permutations of a given number of objects from a set of objects. The PERMUT function does not allow repetitions.

Syntax and arguments

Formula syntax

PERMUT(number, number_chosen)


  • Number: Required, an integer that describes the total number of objects.
  • Number_chosen: Required, an integer that describes the number of objects selected from the total objects.

Return Value

The PERMUT function returns an integer value that indicates the total number of permutations.


1. Any of the arguments are supplied as decimal values, they would be truncated to integers by PERMUT function.

2. The difference between PERTMUT function and PERMUTATION function:

  • PERMUT function does not allow repetitions. For example, in a set of 1, 2, 3, to get the permutations of 2 objects from the set, the PERMUT function returns 6 combinations: 12,13,21,23,31,32).
  • PERMUTATIONA function does allow repetitions. For example, in a set of 1, 2, 3, to get the permutations of 2 objects from the set, the PERMUTATION function returns 9 combinations: 11,12,13,21,22,23,31,32,33).
  • For PERMUT function, the order of the objects matters

3. The equation for PERMUT functions is:


1. If any of arguments are non-numeric values, the PERMUT function returns #VALLUE! error value.

2. The PERMUT function returns #NUM! error value,

  • if argument number is smaller that argument number_chosen;
  • if argument number <= 0, or argument number_chose < 0.

4. If the significance < 1, the PERCENTRANK.INC function returns #NUM! error.


Excel 2003 and later

Usage and Examples

Example: Basic Usage

In range B4:C9, list the numbers of objects and the number for chosen in each set, to get the number of permutations of each set, please use formula as this:


Or directly type the numbers as arguments in formula


Press Enter key to get the first result, then drag autofill handle down to get all results.

Relative Functions:

  • Excel PERCENTRANK Function
    The Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the data set.

  • Excel PERCENTRANK.EXC Function
    The Excel PERCENTRANK.EXC returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (excludes 0 and 1) of the data set.

  • Excel PERCENTRANK.INC Function
    The Excel PERCENTRANK.INC function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (includes 0 and 1) of the data set.

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hi there . i want to generate all possible permutations with 13 words and 2 options words which are da and nu, yes and no, si and no, and par and impar. please send me an tutorial for doing this at thank you very much in advance
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