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如何记住或保存Excel中更改单元格的先前单元格值?

通常情况下,使用新内容更新单元格时,将覆盖先前的值,除非在Excel中撤销操作。 但是,如果您想保留先前的值与更新的值进行比较,则将以前的值保存到另一个单元格或单元格注释中将是一个不错的选择。 本文中的方法将帮助您实现它。

在Excel中用VBA代码保存以前的单元格值

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在Excel中用VBA代码保存以前的单元格值


假设你有一个如下图所示的表格。 如果C列中的任何单元格发生更改,则需要将其先前的值保存到G列的相应单元格中或自动保存注释。 请按照以下步骤来实现。

1。 在工作表中包含更新时保存的值,右键单击工作表选项卡并选择 查看代码 从右键菜单。 看截图:

2。 在开幕式上 Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications 窗口中,将下面的VBA代码复制到代码窗口中。

以下VBA代码可帮助您将指定列的先前单元格值保存到另一列中。

VBA代码:将以前的单元格值保存到另一列单元格中

Dim xRg As Range
Dim xChangeRg As Range
Dim xDependRg As Range
Dim xDic As New Dictionary
Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I As Long
    Dim xCell As Range
    Dim xDCell As Range
    Dim xHeader As String
    Dim xCommText As String
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    xHeader = "Previous value :"
    x = xDic.Keys
    For I = 0 To UBound(xDic.Keys)
        Set xCell = Range(xDic.Keys(I))
        Set xDCell = Cells(xCell.Row, 7)
        xDCell.Value = ""
        xDCell.Value = xDic.Items(I)
    Next
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I, J As Long
    Dim xRgArea As Range
    On Error GoTo Label1
    If Target.Count > 1 Then Exit Sub
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    Set xDependRg = Target.Dependents
    If xDependRg Is Nothing Then GoTo Label1
    If Not xDependRg Is Nothing Then
        Set xDependRg = Intersect(xDependRg, Range("C:C"))
    End If
Label1:
    Set xRg = Intersect(Target, Range("C:C"))
    If (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = Union(xRg, xDependRg)
    ElseIf (xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xDependRg
    ElseIf (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xRg
    Else
        Application.EnableEvents = True
        Exit Sub
    End If
    xDic.RemoveAll
    For I = 1 To xChangeRg.Areas.Count
        Set xRgArea = xChangeRg.Areas(I)
        For J = 1 To xRgArea.Count
            xDic.Add xRgArea(J).Address, xRgArea(J).Formula
        Next
    Next
    Set xChangeRg = Nothing
    Set xRg = Nothing
    Set xDependRg = Nothing
    Application.EnableEvents = True
End Sub

为了将以前的单元格值保存在注释中,请应用下面的VBA代码

VBA代码:保存评论中的前一个单元格值

Dim xRg As Range
Dim xChangeRg As Range
Dim xDependRg As Range
Dim xDic As New Dictionary
Private Sub Worksheet_Change(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I As Long
    Dim xCell As Range
    Dim xHeader As String
    Dim xCommText As String
    On Error Resume Next
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    xHeader = "Previous value :"
    For I = 0 To UBound(xDic.Keys)
        Set xCell = Range(xDic.Keys(I))
        If Not xCell.Comment Is Nothing Then xCell.Comment.Delete
        With xCell
            .AddComment
            .Comment.Visible = False
            .Comment.Text xHeader & vbCrLf & xDic.Items(I)
        End With
    Next
    Application.EnableEvents = True
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    Dim I, J As Long
    Dim xRgArea As Range
    On Error GoTo Label1
    If Target.Count > 1 Then Exit Sub
    Application.EnableEvents = False
    Set xDependRg = Target.Dependents
    If xDependRg Is Nothing Then GoTo Label1
    If Not xDependRg Is Nothing Then
        Set xDependRg = Intersect(xDependRg, Range("C:C"))
    End If
Label1:
    Set xRg = Intersect(Target, Range("C:C"))
    If (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = Union(xRg, xDependRg)
    ElseIf (xRg Is Nothing) And (Not xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xDependRg
    ElseIf (Not xRg Is Nothing) And (xDependRg Is Nothing) Then
        Set xChangeRg = xRg
    Else
        Application.EnableEvents = True
        Exit Sub
    End If
    xDic.RemoveAll
    For I = 1 To xChangeRg.Areas.Count
        Set xRgArea = xChangeRg.Areas(I)
        For J = 1 To xRgArea.Count
            xDic.Add xRgArea(J).Address, xRgArea(J).Text
        Next
    Next
    Set xChangeRg = Nothing
    Set xRg = Nothing
    Set xDependRg = Nothing
    Application.EnableEvents = True
End Sub

注意:在代码中,数字7表示您将保存上一个单元格的列G,而C:C是您将保存上一个单元格值的列。 请根据您的需求更改它们。

3。 点击 > 参考文献 打开 引用 - VBAProject 对话框,检查 Microsoft脚本运行时 框,最后点击 OK 按钮。 看截图:

4。 按 其他 + Q 键关闭 Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications 窗口。

从现在开始,当列C中的单元格值更新时,单元格的前一个值将被保存到列G中的相应单元格中,或者保存在注释中,如下面的截图所示。

将以前的值保存到另一个单元格

将以前的值保存在评论中:


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  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    OscarLopez · 5 months ago
    I was thinking about in a sentence "If/else" but I´m new using VBA, so if you have another post that could me help me, please share with me, and again thank you ! keep sharing the knowledge
  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    OscarLopez · 5 months ago
    Hi ! I just wanted to know if it is possible register multiples changes to the cell, I mean, if I put data in the cell C2 and then I change that data for other information, the previous data pass to the cell G2 (like in this post), but If I change the value one more time in cell C2, the second change that I made pass to the cell H2 (for example) and now I registered the information of the 3 movements that I realized, and do it almost 5 times more (save the previous cell value 5 times). If you could help me I would appreciate so much because here in your post it´s the only place that I found where solve my problem partialy. Thanks for sharing this content!!!!

  • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
    Gustavo Vier · 1 years ago
    i need something like this, but only in specific cells (ex.: G12 to show in H23 the old value)
    • To post as a guest, your comment is unpublished.
      Gustavo Vier · 1 years ago
      And other ... I need this run when a cell change by a result (EX.: A1 + B1 = C1... if I change A or B value, the script does not work - nothing happens in G cell)