# Excel Functions Guide | ExtendOffice

## Cube |
## Description |
## Arguments |

CUBEKPIMEMBER |
Returns the key performance indicator (KPI) property | connection, kpi_name, kpi_property, [caption] |

CUBEMEMBER |
Returns a member or tuple from a cube | connection, member_expression, [caption] |

CUBESET |
Returns a calculated set of members or tuples | connection, set_expression, [caption], [sort_order], [sort_by] |

CUBESETCOUNT |
Returns the number of items in a set | set |

CUBEVALUE |
Returns an aggregated value from a cube filtered by multiple member_expression arguments | connection, [member_expression1], [member_expression2], … |

## Database |
## Description |
## Arguments |

DAVERAGE |
Returns average that matches the specific criteria | database, field, criteria |

DCOUNT |
Counts the cells that contain numbers in a field of records in a databased which match the specified criteria | database, field, criteria |

DCOUNTA |
Counts the cells that in a field of records in a databased which match the specified criteria | database, field, criteria |

DGET |
Returns a single value in the given field of the database that matches the criteria | database, field, criteria |

DMAX |
Returns max that matches the specific criteria | database, field, criteria |

DMIN |
Returns min that matches the specific criteria | database, field, criteria |

DPRODUCT |
Returns product that matches the specific criteria | database, field, criteria |

DSTDEV |
Returns the estimated value of a population’s standard deviation based on a sample by using the values from the sample database that match the given criteria you specify | database, field, criteria |

DSTDEVP |
Returns the standard deviation of a population by using the numbers from the entire database that match the given criteria you specify | database, field, criteria |

DSUM |
Returns the sum of numbers from a database that match the given criteria | database, field, criteria |

DVAR |
Estimates the variance of a sample retrieved from a field that matches the given conditions | database, field, criteria |

DVARP |
Returns the variance for an entire population retrieved from a field that matches the given conditions | database, field, criteria |

## Date and Time |
## Description |
## Arguments |

DATE |
Creates date with year, month and day | year, month, day |

DATEDIF |
Returns the years, months or days between two dates | start_date, end_date, unit |

DATEVALUE |
Converts a date stored as text format to a valid date | date_text |

DAY |
Gets the day as a number (1 to 31) from a date | date |

DAYS |
Gets the number of days between two dates | start_date, end_date |

DAYS360 |
Gets the number of days between 2 dates in a 360-day year | start_date, end_date, [method] |

EDATE |
Adds n months for a date | start_date, months |

EOMONTH |
Gets the last day of month n months in future or past | start_date, months |

ISOWEEKNUM |
Gets ISO week number from a given date | date |

HOUR |
Gets the hour as a number (0 to 23) from a date time | serial_number |

MINUTE |
Returns the minute as number (0 to 59) from time | serial_number |

MONTH |
Gets the month as integer number (1 to 12) from date | serial_number |

NETWORKDAYS |
Gets the number of working days between two dates | start_date, end_date, [holidays] |

NETWORKDAYS.INTL |
Gets workdays between two dates | start_date, end_date, [weekend], [holidays] |

NOW |
Gets the current date and time | // |

SECOND |
Returns the seconds as number (0 to 59) from time | serial_number |

TIME |
Creates time with hours, minutes and seconds | hour, minute, second |

TIMEVALUE |
Gets time from a text string | time_text |

TODAY |
Gets the current date | // |

WEEKDAY |
Gets day of the week as a number (1 to 7) from date | serial_number, [return_type] |

WEEKNUM |
Returns the week number of the given date in a year | serial_number, [return_type] |

WORKDAY |
Adds workdays to the given start date and returns a workday | start_date, days, [holidays] |

WORKDAY.INTL |
Adds workdays to the given start date and returns a workday excluding custom weekend and holidays | start_date, days, [weekend], [holidays] |

YEAR |
Returns the year based on the given date in a 4-digit serial number format | serial_number |

YEARFRAC |
Calculates the fractional year in a decimal format between given dates | start_date, end_date, [basis] |

## Engineering |
## Description |
## Arguments |

BESSELI |
Calculates the modified Bessel function | x, n |

BESSELJ |
Returns the Bessel function, for a specified value x and order | x, n |

BESSELK |
Returns the modified Bessel functio | x, n |

BESSELY |
Returns the Bessel function | x, n |

BIN2DEC |
Converts a binary number to a decimal number | number |

BIN2HEX |
Converts a binary number to a hexadecimal number | number, [places] |

BIN2OCT |
Converts a binary number to an octal number | number, [places] |

BITAND |
Returns a decimal number representing the bitwise 'AND' of two supplied numbers | number1, number2 |

BITLSHIFT |
Returns a decimal number shifted left by a specified number of bits | number, shift_amount |

BITOR |
Returns the bitwise ‘OR’ of two given numbers | number1, number2 |

BITRSHIFT |
Returns the given number shifted right by the specified number of bits | number, shift_amount |

BITXOR |
Returns the bitwise ‘XOR’ of two given numbers | number1, number2 |

COMPLEX |
Converts real and imaginary coefficients to a complex number | real_num, i_num, [suffix] |

CONVERT |
Converts a given number from one measurement system to another | number, from_unit, to_unit |

DEC2BIN |
Converts a decimal number to a binary number | number, [places] |

DEC2HEX |
Converts a decimal number to a hexadecimal number | number, [places] |

DEC2OCT |
Converts a decimal number to an octal number | number, [places] |

DELTA |
Compares two numeric values, and checks if they are equal | number1, number2 |

ERF |
Returns the error function integrated between lower_limit and upper_limit | lower_limit, [upper_limit] |

ERF.PRECISE |
Returns the error function integrated between zero (0) and a limit | x |

ERFC |
Returns the complementary Error function integrated between a lower limit and infinity | x |

ERFC.PRECISE |
Returns the complementary Error function integrated between a limit and infinity | x |

GESTEP |
Checks whether the given number is greater than or equal to the given step value and returns 1 if TRUE and 0 if FALSE | number, [step] |

HEX2BIN |
Converts a hexadecimal number to a binary number | number, [places] |

HEX2DEC |
Converts a hexadecimal number to a binary number | number |

HEX2OCT |
Converts a hexadecimal number to a binary number | number, [places] |

IMABS |
Returns the absolute value of a complex number | inumber |

IMAGINARY |
Returns the imaginary coefficient of a given complex number | inumber |

IMARGUMENT |
Returns the angle expressed in radians of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCONJUGATE |
Returns the complex conjugate of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCOS |
Returns the cosine of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCOSH |
Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCOT |
Returns the cotangent of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCSC |
Returns the cosecant of a given complex number | inumber |

IMCSCH |
Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a given complex number | inumber |

IMDIV |
Calculates the quotient of two given complex numbers | inumber1, inumber2 |

IMEXP |
Returns the exponential of a given complex number | inumber |

IMLN |
Returns the natural logarithm of a given complex number | inumber |

IMLOG2 |
Returns the base-2 logarithm of a given complex number | inumber |

IMLOG10 |
Returns the common (base 10) logarithm of a given complex number | inumber |

IMPOWER |
Returns a complex number raised to a given power | inumber |

IMPRODUCT |
Calculates the product of one or more complex numbers | inumber1, [inumber2], ... |

IMREAL |
Returns the real coefficient of a given complex number | inumber |

IMSEC |
Returns the secant of a complex number | inumber |

IMSECH |
Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number | inumber |

IMSIN |
Returns the sine of a complex number | inumber |

IMSINH |
Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number | inumber |

IMSQRT |
Returns the square root of a complex number | inumber |

IMTAN |
Returns the tangent of a given complex number | inumber |

IMSUB |
Returns the difference between two complex numbers | inumber1, inumber2 |

IMSUM |
Calculates the sum of two or more complex numbers | inumber1, [inumber2], ... |

OCT2BIN |
Converts an octal number to a binary number | number, [places] |

OCT2DEC |
Converts an octal number to a decimal number | number |

OCT2HEX |
Converts an octal number to a hexadecimal number | number, [places] |

## Financial |
## Description |
## Arguments |

ACCRINT |
Returns accrued interest periodic | issue, first_interest, settlement, rate, par, frequency, [basis], [calc_method] |

ACCRINTM |
Returns accrued interest at maturity | issue, settlement, rate, par, [basis] |

AMORDEGRC |
Returns the linear depreciation of an asset for each accounting period by applying a depreciation coefficient based on the lifetime of the assets | cost, date_purchased, first_period, salvage, period, rate, [basis] |

AMORLINC |
Returns the linear depreciation of an asset for each accounting period | cost, date_purchased, first_period, salvage, period, rate, [basis] |

COUPDAYBS |
Returns the number of days between the beginning of the coupon period and its settlement date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

COUPDAYS |
Returns the number of days in the coupon period including the settlement date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

COUPDAYSNC |
Returns the calculated number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

COUPNCD |
Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

COUPNUM |
Returns number of coupons payable between settlement date and maturity date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

COUPPCD |
Returns previous coupon date before settlement date | settlement, maturity, frequency, [basis] |

CUMIPMT |
Returns the cumulative interest paid on a load between the start period and end period | rate, nper, pv, start_period, end_period, type |

CUMPRINC |
Calculates the cumulative principal paid on a load between the start period and end period | rate, nper, pv, start_period, end_period, type |

DB |
Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using a fixed-declining balance method | cost, salvage, life, period, [month] |

DDB |
Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using a double-declining balance method or other specific method | cost, salvage, life, period, [factor] |

DISC |
Returns the discount rate of a security | settlement, maturity, pr, redemption, [basis] |

DOLLARDE |
Converts a dollar value expressed in fractional notation to decimal | fractional_dollar, fraction |

DOLLARFR |
Converts a dollar value expressed in decimal to fractional notation | decimal_dollar, fraction |

DURATION |
Calculates the duration of a security that pays interest on a periodic basis | settlement, maturity, coupon, yld, frequency,[basis] |

EFFECT |
Calculates the effective annual interest rate | nominal_rate, npery |

FV |
Figures out the future value of an investment | rate, nper, pmt, pv, type |

FVSCHEDULE |
Figures out future value of a lump sum investment with adjustable interest rates | principal, schedule |

INTRATE |
Figures out the interest rate for a fully invested security | settlement, maturity, investment, redemption, [basis] |

IPMT |
Figures out the interest payment for the specified period for an investment or load | rate, per, nper, pv, [fv], [type] |

IRR |
Figures out the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows that occur at regular intervals | values, [guess] |

ISPMT |
Figures out interest payment of given period of an investment or loan | rate, per, nper, pv |

MDURATION |
Figures out the modified Macauley duration for a security | settlement, maturity, coupon, yld, frequency, [basis] |

MIRR |
Figures out modified internal rate of return for a series of cash flows | values, finance_rate, reinvest_rate |

NOMINAL |
Calculates the nominal annual interest rate | effect_rate, npery |

NPER |
Calculates the number of periods for investment or loan | rate, pmt, pv, [fv], [type] |

NPV |
Calculates the net present value of investment | rate, value1, [value2], ... |

ODDFPRICE |
Returns price per $100 face value with odd first period | settlement, maturity, issue, first_coupon, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

ODDFYIELD |
Returns yield of security with odd first period | settlement, maturity, issue, first_coupon, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

ODDLPRICE |
Returns price per $100 face value with odd last period | settlement, maturity, last_interest, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

ODDLYIELD |
Returns yield of security with odd last period | settlement, maturity, last_interest, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

PDURATION |
Returns the required number of periods for an investment to reach a specific value | rate, pv, fv |

PMT |
Returns the periodic payment required to pay off a loan | rate, nper, pv, [fv], [type] |

PPMT |
Returns the principal portion of a given loan payment | rate, per, nper, pv, [fv], [type] |

PRICE |
Returns the price of a bond per $100 face value that pays periodic interest | settlement, maturity, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

PRICEDISC |
Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security | settlement, maturity, discount, redemption, [basis] |

PRICEMAT |
Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interests at maturity | settlement, maturity, issue, rate, yld, [basis] |

PV |
Returns the present value of a loan or an investment based on a constant interest rate | rate, nper, pmt, [fv], [type] |

RATE |
Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity | nper, pmt, pv, [fv], [type], [guess] |

RECEIVED |
Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security | settlement, maturity, investment, discount, [basis] |

RRI |
Returns a numeric value. You can format the result to a percentage format | nper, pv, fv |

SLN |
Returns straight-line depreciation of asset for one period | cost, salvage, life |

SYD |
Returns sum-of-years’ depreciation of asset for given period | cost, salvage, life, per |

TBILLEQ |
Returns bond-equivalent yield for Treasury bill | settlement, maturity, discount |

TBILLPRICE |
Returns price per $100 for Treasury bill | settlement, maturity, discount |

TBILLYIELD |
Returns yield for Treasury bill | settlement, maturity, pr |

VDB |
Calculates depreciation using the double-declining balance method | cost, salvage, life, start_period, end_period, [factor], [no_switch] |

XIRR |
Calculates the internal rate of return for irregular cash flows | values, dates, [guess] |

XNPV |
Calculates the net present value for irregular cash flows | rate, values, dates |

YIELD |
Calculates the yield on a security that pays periodic interest | settlement, maturity, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, [basis] |

YIELDDISC |
Returns the annual yield for a discounted security | settlement, maturity, pr, redemption, [basis] |

YIELDMAT |
Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity | settlement, maturity, issue, rate, pr, [basis] |

## Information |
## Description |
## Arguments |

CELL |
Returns the requested information about a specified cell | info_type, [reference] |

ERROR.TYPE |
Returns a number that corresponds to a specific error value | error_val |

INFO |
Returns details about the current operating environment | type_text |

ISBLANK |
Returns TRUE if a cell is empty or blank and FALSE otherwise | value |

ISERR |
Returns TRUE for any error type (except #N/A) and FALSE otherwise | value |

ISERROR |
Tests if an initial supplied expression or value returns an Excel error | value |

ISEVEN |
Tests if a supplied number (or numeric expression) is even | number |

ISFORMULA |
Tests if a cell contains formula | reference |

ISLOGICAL |
Tests if a supplied value or expression returns a logical value (TRUE and FALSE) | value |

ISNA |
Tests if a value or expression returns Excel #N/A error | value |

ISNONTEXT |
Returns TRUE if a given value is non-text | value |

ISNUMBER |
Returns TRUE if a given value is a number | value |

ISODD |
Returns TRUE if a given value is an odd number | value |

ISOMITTED |
Checks if the value is omitted in the LAMBDA function | argument |

ISREF |
Returns TRUE if a given value is a reference | value |

ISTEXT |
Returns TRUE if a given value is a text | value |

N |
Converts a value to a number | value |

NA |
Returns the #N/A error value | // |

SHEET |
Returns the index number of a reference sheet in Excel | [value] |

SHEETS |
Returns the number of sheets in a given reference | [reference] |

TYPE |
Returns the type of the given value | value |

## Logical |
## Description |
## Arguments |

AND |
Tests multiple conditions to return True or False | logical1, [logical2], ... |

BYCOL |
Applies a LAMBDA function to each column in a given array and returns the result per column as a single array | array, lambda(column) |

BYROW |
Applies a LAMBDA function to each row in a given array and returns the result per row as a single array | array, lambda(row) |

FALSE |
Generates the logical FALSE value | // |

IF |
Tests for a specific condition | logical_test, [value_if_true], [value_if_false] |

IFERROR |
Traps and deals with errors | value, value_if_error |

IFNA |
Traps and deals with #N/A errors | value, value_if_na |

IFS |
Tests multiple conditions to return the first match | logical_test1, value_if_true1, [logical_test2, value_if_true2], ... |

LAMBDA |
Creates custom functions that can be reused throughout a workbook | [parameter1, parameter2, …], calculation |

LET |
Assigns names to calculation results | name1, name1_value, [name2/name2_value], ...,calculation |

MAKEARRAY |
Returns a calculated array based on the given number of rows and columns | rows, columns, lambda(r,c,calculation) |

MAP |
Returns an array formed by mapping each value in the supplied array(s) to a new value | array1, [array2], ..., lambda |

NOT |
Reverses the arguments or results | logical |

OR |
Tests multiple conditions with OR | logical1, [logical2], ... |

REDUCE |
Returns the total value in the accumulator, reducing the array to an accumulated value | [initial_value], array, lambda(accumulator, value) |

SCAN |
Returns an array that contains the intermediate values while scanning the array | [initial_value], array, lambda(accumulator, value) |

SWITCH |
Matches multiple values, but returns the first match | expression, value1, result1, [value2, result2], ..., [default] |

TRUE |
Generates the logical TRUE value | // |

XOR |
Performs the exclusive OR function | logical1, [logical2], ... |

## Lookup and Reference |
## Description |
## Arguments |

ADDRESS |
Returns the cell address reference by column number and row number | row_num, column_num, [abs_num], [a1], [sheet_text] |

AREAS |
Returns the number of areas that make up the reference | reference |

CHOOSE |
Returns a value from the list of value argument by the given index number | index_num, value1, [value2], ... |

CHOOSECOLS |
Returns specified columns in an array or a range | array, col_num1, [col_num2],... |

CHOOSEROWS |
Returns specified rows in an array or a range | array, row_num1, [row_num2],... |

COLUMN |
Returns the number of column which formula appears or the column number of given reference | reference |

COLUMNS |
Returns the total number of columns in a given array or reference | array |

DROP |
Returns the specific rows or columns from an array based on the given number | array, rows, [columns] |

EXPAND |
Expands or pads an array to a specified number of rows and columns dimensions | array, rows, [columns], [pad_with] |

FIELDVALUE |
Retrieves field data from linked data types like Stocks or Geography data types | value, field_name |

FILTER |
Filters a range of data and dynamically returns the matching results | array, include, [if_empty] |

FORMULATEXT |
Returns a formula as a text string from a given reference | reference |

GETPIVOTDATA |
Returns data based on the pivot table structure | data_field, pivot_table, [field1, item1], ... |

HLOOKUP |
Looks a value in table by matching first row | value, table, row_index, [range_lookup] |

HSTACK |
Combines multiplearrays horizontally into one large array | array1,[array2],... |

HYPERLINK |
Creates a hyperlink which links to a given web page, a cell reference | link_location, [friendly_name] |

INDEX |
Returns the displayed value based on a given position from a range or an array | array, row_num, [col_num], [area_num] |

INDIRECT |
Converts a text string to a valid reference | ref_text, [a1] |

LOOKUP |
Finds certain value in a one-column range | lookup_value, lookup_vector, [result_vector] |

MATCH |
Gets the position of an item in an array | lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type] |

OFFSET |
Returns a reference offset from a starting point | reference, rows, cols, [height], [width] |

ROW |
Returns row number of a reference | [reference] |

ROWS |
Returns the number of rows in a reference or an array | array |

SORT |
Sorts the contents of a range or array in ascending or descending order | array, [sort_index], [sort_order], [by_col] |

SORTBY |
Sorts the contents of one range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array | array, by_array1, [sort_order1], [by_array2, sort_order2],... |

TAKE |
Returns a specified number of contiguous rows or columns from the start or end of a given array | array, rows,[columns] |

TOCOL |
Transforms an array or range to a single column | array, [ignore], [scan_by_column] |

TOROW |
Transforms an array or range to a single row | array, [ignore], [scan_by_column] |

TRANSPOSE |
Rotates the orientation of a range or array | array |

UNIQUE |
Extracts unique values from a range of data | array, [by_col], [exactly_once] |

VLOOKUP |
Looks a value in a table by matching on the first column and return value from a certain column | lookup_value, Table_array, col_index, [range_lookup] |

VSTACK |
Combines multiple arrays vertically into one large array | array1,[array2],... |

WRAPROWS |
Converts a single row or column into multiple rows by specifying the number of values in each row. | avector, wrap_count, [pad_with] |

WRAPCOLS |
Converts a single row or column into multiple columns by specifying the number of values in each column. | vector, wrap_count, [pad_with] |

XMATCH |
Returns relative position of a specified value in a vertical or horizontal array or range | lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_mode], [search_mode] |

## Math and Trigonometry |
## Description |
## Arguments |

ABS |
Returns the absolute value of number | number |

ACOS |
Returns the arccosine (inverse cosine) of number | number |

ACOSH |
Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number | number |

ACOT |
Returns the arccotangent (inverse cotangent) of number | number |

ACOTH |
Returns the inverse hyperbolic cotangent of a number | number |

AGGREGATE |
Returns based on the specific used function | function_num, options, ref1, [ref2] |

ARABIC |
Returns an arabic number by the given roman number | text |

ASIN |
Returns an angle of triangle in radians | number |

ASINH |
Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number | number |

ATAN |
Returns the arctangent (inverse tangent) of a number | number |

ATAN2 |
Returns the arctangent (inverse tangent) of specified x- and y-coordinates | x_num, y_num |

ATANH |
Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number | number |

BASE |
Returns the text representation of the converted number to another base | number, radix, [min_length] |

CEILING |
Rounds number up to nearest multiple | number, multiple |

CEILING.MATH |
Rounds number up to nearest multiple or nearest integer | number, [significance], [mode] |

CEILING.PRECISE |
Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of specified significance | number, [significance] |

COMBIN |
Returns the number of combinations for a given number of items | number, number_chosen |

COMBINA |
Returns the number of combinations for a specified number of items with repetitions allowed | number, number_chosen |

COS |
Returns the cosine of an angle given in radians | number |

COSH |
Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a given number | number |

COT |
Calculate the cotangent of an angle in radians | number |

COTH |
Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of a hyperbolic angle in radians | number |

CSC |
Returns the cosecant of an angle provided in radians | array, number |

CSCH |
Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle provided in radians | array, number |

DECIMAL |
Returns decimal number | text, radix |

DEGREES |
Returns an angle in degrees | angle |

EVEN |
Rounds numbers away from zero to the nearest even integer | number |

EXP |
Returns the result of the constant e raised to the nth power | number |

FACT |
Returns the factorial of a given number | number |

FACTDOUBLE |
Returns the double factorial of a given number | number |

FLOOR |
Rounds a given number down to the nearest multiple of the specified significance | number, significance |

FLOOR.MATH |
Rounds a given number down to the nearest integer or nearest multiple of the specified significance | number, [significance], [mode] |

FLOOR.PRECISE |
Rounds a given number down to the nearest integer or nearest multiple of the specified significance | number, [significance] |

GCD |
Returns the greatest common divisor of two or more integers | number1, [number2], ... |

INT |
Returns the integer part of a number by rounding it down to the nearest integer | number |

ISO.CEILING |
Rounds up the nearest integer or the nearest multiple of significance | number, [significance] |

LCM |
Returns the least common multiple of integers | number1, [number2], ... |

LN |
Returns the natural logarithm of a given number | number |

LOG |
Returns the logarithm of a number using a specified base | number, [base] |

LOG10 |
Returns the base-10 logarithm of a given number | number |

MDETERM |
Returns the matrix determinant of an array | array |

MINVERSE |
Returns the inverse matrix of a given array | array |

MMULT |
Returns the matrix products of two arrays | array1, array2 |

MOD |
Returns the remainder after division | number, divisor |

MROUND |
Returns a number rounded to the nearest specified multiple | number, multiple |

MULTINOMIAL |
Returns the ratio of the factorial of a sum of supplied values to the product of factorials of those values | number1, [number2], ... |

MUNIT |
Returns a unit matrix for specified dimension | dimension |

NEGBINOM.DIST |
Returns returns the negative binomial distribution | number_f, number_s, probability_s, cumulative |

ODD |
Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer | number |

PI |
Returns the number 3.14159265358979 of the mathematical constant called pi | // |

POWER |
Returns the result of a number raised to a given power | number, power |

PRODUCT |
Calculates the product of cell values provides as arguments | number1, [number2], ... |

QUOTIENT |
Returns only the integer portion of a division | numerator, denominator |

RADIANS |
Converts degrees to radians | angle |

RAND |
Returns a random real number between 0 and 1 | // |

RANDBETWEEN |
Returns a random integer number between two given numbers | bottom, top |

ROMAN |
Converts an Arabic number to a Roman numeral as text | number, [form] |

ROUND |
Rounds a number to a specified number of digits | number, num_digits |

ROUNDDOWN |
Rounds a number up (toward zero) to a specified number of digits | number, num_digits |

ROUNDUP |
Rounds a number up (away from zero) to a specified number of digits | number, num_digits |

SEC |
Returns the secant of an angle provided in radians | number |

SECH |
Returns hyperbolic secant of an angle in radians | number |

SERIESSUM |
Returns sum of a power series | x, n, m, coefficients |

SIGN |
Returns sign of a number | number |

SIN |
Returns sine of an angle in radians | number |

SINH |
Returns hyperbolic sine of a number | number |

SQRT |
Returns square root of a number | number |

SQRTPI |
Returns square root of a supplied number multiplied by pi | number |

SUBTOTAL |
Returns subtotal in a list or database | function_num, ref1, [ref2], ... |

SUM |
Returns sum of numbers | number1, [number2], … |

SUMIF |
Returns the summation for a list of numbers based on the specific criteria | range, criteria, sum_range |

SUMIFS |
Returns the summation for a list of numbers that meet all specific criteria | sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ... |

SUMPRODUCT |
Returns the result of multiplied and summed arrays | array1, [array2], ... |

SUMSQ |
Returns sum of squares of values | number1, [number2], … |

SUMX2MY2 |
Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two given arrays | array_x, array_y |

SUMX2PY2 |
Returns the sum of squares of corresponding values in two given arrays | array_x, array_y |

SUMXMY2 |
Returns the sum of squares of the differences of corresponding values in two given arrays | array_x, array_y |

TAN |
Returns the tangent value of an angle | number |

TANH |
Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a supplied number. | number |

TRUNC |
Returns a truncated number based on a given precision | number, num_digits |

## Statistical |
## Description |
## Arguments |

AVEDEV |
Returns the average of the absolute deviations of the numbers provided from their mean | number1, [number2], ... |

AVERAGE |
Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the given numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

AVERAGEA |
Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the supplied values | value1, [value2], ... |

AVERAGEIF |
Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers in a range that meet the given criteria | range, criteria, [average_range] |

AVERAGEIFS |
Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers in a range that meet one or more supplied criteria | average_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ... |

BETA.DIST |
Returns the beta distribution which is usually used to study the percentage variation of something across samples. | x, alpha, beta, cumulative, [A], [B] |

BETA.INV |
Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function for a specified beta distribution | probability, alpha, beta, [A], [B] |

BETADIST |
Rturns the cumulative beta probability density function | x, alpha, beta, [A], [B] |

BETAINV |
Rturns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function | probability, alpha, beta, [A], [B] |

BINOM.DIST |
Returns the individual term binominal distribution probability | number_s, trials, probability_s, cumulative |

BINOMDIST |
Returns the individual term binominal distribution probability | number_s, trials, probability_s, cumulative |

BINOM.DIST.RANGE |
Returns the binomial distribution probability for the number of successes from a specified number of trials falling into a specified range | trials, probability_s, number_s, [number_s2] |

BINOM.INV |
Returns the minimum value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion | trials, probability_s, alpha |

CRITBINOM |
Returns the minimum value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion | trials, probability_s, alpha |

CHISQ.DIST |
Returns the left-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | x, deg_freedom, cumulative |

CHISQ.DIST.RT |
Returns the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | x, deg_freedom |

CHISQ.INV |
Returns the inverse of the left-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | probability, deg_freedom |

CHISQ.INV.RT |
Returns the inverse of the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | probability, deg_freedom |

CHISQ.TEST |
Returns the chi-squared distribution of two provided data sets | actual_range, expected_range |

CONFIDENCE.NORM |
Uses a normal distribution to calculate the confidence interval for a population mean | alpha, standard_dev, size |

CONFIDENCE.T |
Uses a student’s distribution to calculate the confidence interval for a population mean | alpha, standard_dev, size |

CORREL |
Returns the correlation coefficient of two cell ranges | array1, array2 |

COUNT |
Returns the number of cells contain numbers | value1, [value2] |

COUNTA |
Returns the number of cells excluding empty cells | value1, [value2] |

COUNTBLANK |
Returns the number of empty cells | range |

COUNTIF |
Returns the number of cells that meet acriterion | range, criteria |

COUNTIFS |
Returns the number of cells that meet multiple critera | criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2], [criteria2], ... |

COVARIANCE.P |
Returns the population variance of two data sets | array1, array2 |

COVARIANCE.S |
Returns the sample variance of two data sets | array1, array2 |

COVAR |
Returns the variance of two data sets | array1, array2 |

DEVSQ |
Returns the sum of squares of the deviations from the sample mean | number1, [number2], ... |

EXPON.DIST |
Returns the exponential distribution based on the given x value and the parameter of the distribution | array1, arry2, cumulative |

EXPONDIST |
Returns the exponential distribution based on the given x value and the parameter of the distribution | array1, arry2, cumulative |

F.DIST |
Returns the F probability distribution | x, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2, cumulative |

FDIST |
Returns the (right-tailed) F probability distribution | x, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2 |

F.DIST.RT |
Calculates the (right-tailed) F probability distribution | x, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2 |

F.INV |
Returns the inverse of F probability distribution | probability, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2 |

FINV |
Returns the inverse of the (right-tailed) F probability distribution | probability, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2 |

FISHER |
Returns the Fisher transformation of a supplied value (x) | x |

FISHERINV |
Returns the inverse of Fisher transformation of a supplied value (y) | y |

F.INV.RT |
Calculates the inverse of the (right-tailed) F probability distribution | probability, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2 |

FORECAST |
Predicts a value with a linear trend | x, known_y's, known_x's |

FORECAST.ETS |
Predicts a value with a seasonal trend | target_date, values, timeline, [seasonality], [data_completion], [aggregation] |

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT |
Calculates the confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date | target_date, values, timeline, [confidence_level], [seasonality], [data_completion], [aggregation] |

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY |
Returns the length of a seasonal pattern based on existing values and a timeline | values, timeline, [data_completion], [aggregation] |

FORECAST.ETS.STAT |
Returns a specified statistical value as a result of time series forecasting | values, timeline, statistic_type, [seasonality], [data_completion], [aggregation] |

FORECAST.LINEAR |
Predicts a value with a linear trend | x, known_y's, known_x's |

FREQUENCY |
Returns a frequency distribution | data_array, bins_array |

F.TEST |
Returns the result of an F-test for two given arrays or ranges | array1, array2 |

FTEST |
Returns the result of an F-test for two given arrays or ranges | array1, array2 |

GAMMA |
Returns the value of the gamma function for a specified number | x |

GAMMA.DIST |
Returns the gamma distribution | x, alpha, beta, cumulative |

GAMMADIST |
Returns the gamma distribution | x, alpha, beta, cumulative |

GAMMA.INV |
Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution | probability, alpha, beta |

GAMMAINV |
Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution | probability, alpha, beta |

GAMMALN |
Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(n) | x |

GAMMALN.PRECISE |
Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(n) | x |

GAUSS |
Calculates the probability that a member of a standard normal population falls between the mean and z standard deviation from the mean | z |

GEOMEAN |
Returns geometric mean of a range of positive numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

GROWTH |
Returns the predicted exponential GROWTH based on a given set of data | known_y’s, [known_x’s], [new_x’s], [const] |

HARMEAN |
Returns harmonic mean of a range of positive numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

HYPGEOM.DIST |
Returns the value of the hypergeometric distribution | sample_s, number_sample, population_s, number_pop, cumulative |

HYPGEOMDIST |
Returns the value of the hypergeometric distribution | sample_s, number_sample, population_s, number_pop |

INTERCEPT |
Calculates the point at which a linear regression line will intersect the y-axis by using the given x-values and y-values | known_ys, known_xs |

KURT |
Returns the kurtosis of a supplied data set | number1, [number2], ... |

LARGE |
Returns the k-th largest number in array | array, k |

LINEST |
Returns the statistic for a best fit straight line based on the supplied set of x value and y value by using the “least squares” method | known_ys, known_xs, [const], [stats] |

LOGEST |
Returns an exponential curve that best fits a supplied set of y- and x- values and returns an array of values that describes the curve | known_y’s, [known_x’s], [const], [stats] |

LOGNORM.DIST |
Calculates the lognormal distribution for a given value of x | x, mean, standard_dev, cumulative |

LOGNORMDIST |
Calculates the lognormal distribution for a given value of x | x, mean, standard_dev |

LOGNORM.INV |
Returns the inverse lognormal distribution for a given value of x | probability, mean, standard_dev |

LOGINV |
Returns the inverse lognormal distribution for a given value of x | probability, mean, standard_dev |

MAX |
Returns the largest value in the supplied set of values, ignores logical values | number1, [number2], ... |

MAXA |
Returns the largest value in the supplied set of values | value1, [value2], ... |

MAXIFS |
Returns the largest value of a range of values that specified set of criteria | max_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ... |

MEDIAN |
Returns the middle number of the supplied numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

MIN |
Returns the smallest number from the data provided | number1, [number2], ... |

MINA |
Returns the smallest numeric value from a set of values provided | value1, [value2], ... |

MINIFS |
Returns the smallest numeric value in a range that meet one or more supplied criteria | min_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ... |

MODE |
Returns the most frequently occurring number in a set of numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

MODE.MULT |
Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring numbers in a set of numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

MODE.SNGL |
Returns the most frequently occurring number in a set of numbers | number1, [number2], ... |

NORM.DIST |
Returns normal cumulative distribution function or probability density function | x, mean, standard_dev, cumulative |

NORMDIST |
Returns normal cumulative distribution function or probability density function | x, mean, standard_dev, cumulative |

NORM.INV |
Returns inverse of the normal cumulative distribution | probability, mean, standard_dev |

NORMINV |
Returns inverse of the normal cumulative distribution | probability, mean, standard_dev |

NORM.S.DIST |
Returns standard normal cumulative distribution function or probability density function | z, cumulative |

NORMSDIST |
Returns standard normal cumulative distribution function | z |

NORM.S.INV |
Returns inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution | probability |

NORMSINV |
Returns inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution | probability |

PEARSON |
Returns the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient | array1, array2 |

PERCENTILE |
Returns k-th percentile, k is from 0 to 1 including | array, k |

PERCENTILE.EXC |
Returns k-th percentile, k is from 0 to 1 excluding | array, k |

PERCENTILE.INC |
Returns k-th percentile, k is from 0 to 1 including | array, k |

PERCENTRANK |
Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the data set | array, x, [significance] |

PERCENTRANK.EXC |
Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (excludes 0 and 1) of the data set | array, x, [significance] |

PERCENTRANK.INC |
Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (includes 0 and 1) of the data set | array, x, [significance] |

PERMUT |
Returns the number of permutations of a given number of objects from a set of objects (not allow repetitions) | number, number_chosen |

PERMUTATIONA |
Returns the number of permutations of a given number of objects from a set of objects (allows repetitions) | number, number_chosen |

PHI |
Returns the value of density distribution for a standard normal distribution for a given number | x |

POISSON |
Returns the Poisson distribution which is used to predict the number of events occurring over a specific time | x, mean, cumulative |

POISSON.DIST |
Returns the Poisson distribution which is used to predict the number of events occurring over a specific time | x, mean, cumulative |

PROB |
Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits | x_range, prob_range, [lower_limit], [uppeer_limit] |

QUARTILE |
Returns the quartile for a data set | array, quart |

QUARTILE.EXC |
Returns the quartile for a data set based on a percentile range of 0 to 1 exclusive | array, quart |

QUARTILE.INC |
Returns the quartile for a data set based on a percentile range of 0 to 1 inclusive | array, quart |

RANDARRAY |
Returns an array of random numbers | [rows], [columns], [min], [max], [integer] |

RANK |
Returns the rank of a number against numbers in the same list | number, ref, [order] |

RANK.AVG |
Returns the rank of a number against numbers in the same list | number, ref, [order] |

RANK.EQ |
Returns the rank of a number against numbers in the same list | number, ref, [order] |

RSQ |
Returns the square of the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient | known_ys, known_xs |

SEQUENCE |
Allows creating a list of sequential numbers in an array | rows, [columns], [start], [step] |

SKEW |
Returns the skewness of a distribution of a set of values | number1, [number2], ... |

SKEW.P |
Returns the skewness of a distribution of data that represents an entire population | number1, [number2], ... |

SLOPE |
Returns the slope of a regression line based on the supplied y values and x values | known_y's, known_x's |

SMALL |
Returns the kth smallest value from a set of numeric values | array, k |

STANDARDIZE |
Returns a normalized value (z-score) from a distribution based on the mean and standard deviation of a data set | x, mean, standard_dev |

STDEV |
Returns standard deviation based on a given sample of data | number1, [number2], ... |

STDEV.P |
Returns standard deviation based on the entire population | value1, [value2], ... |

STDEV.S |
Returns standard deviation based on a given sample of data | number1, [number2], ... |

STDEVA |
Returns standard deviation based on a sample of population | number1, [number2], ... |

STDEVP |
Returns standard deviation based on the entire population | value1, [value2}, ... |

STDEVPA |
Calculates standard deviation based on the given entire population | value1, [value2], ... |

STEYX |
Returns the standard error of the predicted y value for each x in a linear regression | known_ys, known_xs |

T.DIST |
Returns the Student's left-tailed t-distribution | x, deg_freedom, cumulative |

T.DIST.2T |
Returns the Student's two-tailed t-distribution | x, deg_freedom |

T.DIST.RT |
Returns the Student's right-tailed t-distribution | x, deg_freedom |

TDIST |
Returns the Student's t-distribution | x, deg_freedom, tails |

T.INV |
Returns the inverse of Student's left-tailed t-distribution | probability, deg_freedom |

TINV |
Returns the two-tailed inverse of the Student's t-distribution | probability, deg_freedom |

T.INV.2T |
Returns the inverse of Student's two-tailed-distribution | probability, deg_freedom |

TREND |
Predicts values along a linear trend | known_y's, [known_x's], [new_x's], [const] |

TRIMMEAN |
Returns the mean of the interior of a data set | array, percent |

T.TEST |
Returns the probability that is associated with a Student's t-test | array1, array2, tails, type |

TTEST |
Returns the probability that is associated with a Student's t-test | array1, array2, tails, type |

VAR |
Returns the variance based on a given sample | number1, [number2], ... |

VAR.P |
Returns the variance based on the entire population | number1, [number2], ... |

VAR.S |
Returns the variance based on a given sample | number1, [number2], ... |

VARA |
Returns the variance based on a given sample | value1, [value2], ... |

VARP |
Returns the variance based on the entire population | number1, [number2], ... |

VARPA |
Returns the variance based on the entire population | value1, [value2], ... |

WEIBULL |
Returns the Weibull probability density function or Weibull cumulative distribution | x_range, alpha, betta, cumulative |

WEIBULL.DIST |
Returns the Weibull probability density function or Weibull cumulative distribution | x_range, alpha, betta, cumulative |

ZTEST |
Returns the one-tailed P-value of a z-test which is useful for various analyses | array, x, [sigma] |

Z.TEST |
Returns the one-tailed P-value of a z-test which is useful for various analyses | array, x, [sigma] |

## Text |
## Description |
## Arguments |

ARRAYTOTEXT |
Converts an array or range into a text string | array, [format] |

ASC |
Returns the ASCII code for the first character of a string | text |

BAHTTEXT |
Converts a number to Thai text with a suffix of “Baht” (Thai currency บาทถ้วน) | number |

CHAR |
Returns the character specified by a number | number |

CLEAN |
Removes all non-printable characters from the given text | text |

CODE |
Returns a numeric code of the first character in a given text string | text |

CONCAT |
Joins texts from multiple columns, rows or ranges together | text1, [text2], ... |

CONCATENATE |
Joins two or more texts items from multiple cells into one | text1, [text2], ... |

DBCS |
Converts half-width (single-byte) characters into full-width (double-byte) characters in a text string | text |

DOLLAR |
Converts a number to text in the currency formatting | number, decimals |

EXACT |
Returns TRUE if two compared strings are exactly same, or returns FALSE | text1, text2 |

FIND |
Returns the starting position of a string inside another one | find_text, within_text, [start_num] |

FINDB |
Returns the starting position of a string inside another one in bytes | find_text, within_text, [start_num] |

FIXED |
Returns a number formatted as decimals and represented as text | number, [decimal_places], [no_commas] |

LEFT |
Extracts string from left of a text string | text, [num_chars] |

LEFTB |
Extracts specified bytes of string from left of a text string | text, [num_bytes] |

LEN |
Counts the length of a string | text |

LENB |
Counts the length of a string in bytes | text |

LOWER |
Lowercases letters in the text string | text |

MID |
Returns the specific characters from the middle of text string | text, start_num, num_chars |

MIDB |
Returns specific bytes of characters from the position you specify from a text string | text, start_num, num_bytes |

NUMBERVALUE |
Returns the real number from number is stored as text | text, [decimal_separator], [group_separator] |

PHONETIC |
Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string | reference |

PROPER |
Converts text strings to proper case | text |

REPLACE |
Finds and replaces characters based on given location from text string with a new text | old_text, start_num, num_chars, new_text |

REPLACEB |
replaces part of a text string with a new text string based on the number of bytes you specify | old_text, start_num, num_bytes, new_text |

REPT |
Returns the repeated text by specific number of times | text, number_times |

RIGHT |
Extracts the text from right of a text string | text, [num_chars] |

RIGHTB |
Extracts specified bytes of string from right of a text string | text, [num_bytes] |

SEARCH |
Returns the location of the specific character or text from the given text string | find_text, within_text, [start_num] |

SEARCHB |
Returns the starting position of a string inside another one in bytes | find_text, within_text, [start_num] |

SUBSTITUTE |
Replaces text based on given text | text, new_text, old_text, [instance_num] |

T |
Returns the text referred to by a value | value |

TEXT |
Converts number to text with a specific format | text, format_text |

TEXTAFTER |
Extracts and returns the text that occurs after a given substring or delimiter | text, delimiter, [instance_num], [match_mode], [match_end], [if_not_found] |

TEXTBEFORE |
Extracts and returns the text that occurs before a given substring or delimiter | text, delimiter, [instance_num], [match_mode], [match_end], [if_not_found] |

TEXTJOIN |
Joins multiple values with specific delimiter | delimiter, ignore_empty, text1, [text2], ... |

TEXTSPLIT |
Splits text strings by a given delimiter | text, col_delimiter, [row_delimiter], [ignore_empty], [match_mode], [pad_with] |

TRIM |
Removes extra spaces from text string | text |

UNICHAR |
Returns the Unicode character based on given number | number |

UNICODE |
Returns the number based on the first character of given text | text |

UPPER |
Converts all letters of a given text to uppercase | text |

VALUE |
Converts text to a number | text |

VALUETOTEXT |
Converts any specified value to text | value, [format] |

## Web |
## Description |
## Arguments |

ENCODEURL |
Converts a text to a URL-encoded string | text |

FILTERXML |
Returns specific values from XML text by using the given XPath | xml, xpath |

WEBSERVICE |
Returns data from a web service | url |